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The availability of new food choices has increased dramatically in recent times, whilst increasingly sedentary lifestyles have reduced calorie intake requirements. The present study uses 24 hour dietary recall data, and biochemical and anthropometric measurements from the 1993-1996 and 2005-2008 Nutrition and Health Surveys in Taiwan (NAHSIT) to investigate(More)
The purpose of this study is to examine the predictive validity of seven mobility-related performance tests to identify and predict older adults' mobility disability status after a 2-year period. Among the 287 community-dwelling older adults who participated in the baseline assessment (physical disability status and seven performance tests), those who(More)
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are challenging public health issues as globesity popularizes. The present study illustrates the trend of obesity and MetS for the last 12 years in Taiwan based on the analysis of Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. Between the two surveys, a large growth on MetS prevalence was observed, from 13.6% to 25.5%. In(More)
BACKGROUND Recommendations based on scanty data have been made to lower the body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) cutoff for obesity in Asians. OBJECTIVE The goal was to compare relations between BMI and metabolic comorbidity among Asians and US whites and blacks. METHODS We compared the prevalence rate, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and(More)
AIM To examine the effect of regular ongoing exercise lifestyle on mental and physical health in a group of independent community-dwelling Taiwanese older adults over a 2-year period. METHODS 197 older adults (mean age 72.5 years; 106 men and 91 women) who were independent in walking, instrumental and basic activities of daily living completed the(More)
Our aim in this study was to analyze the footprint measurements of flatfoot in a population of preschool-aged children. Three footprint measurements, the Clarke's angle (CA), Chippaux-Smirak index (CSI), and Staheli arch index (AI), were used for comparison with clinical diagnosis. A total of 2,638 static footprints of children aged from 3 to 6 years were(More)
OBJECTIVE Depressive symptoms have been associated with increased mortality risk in previous cohort studies, but there is a paucity of research on Asian elderly in recent years. The authors investigated the depression-mortality link using data from a representative national cohort. METHODS Data came from the Survey of Health and Living Status of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Age of onset of gout has recently decreased; however, patients with early-onset gout remain uncommon, and relevant information is scant. We hypothesized that these patients might exhibit differences in serum urates and other comorbidities compared with adult-onset patients. METHODS Early-onset gout patients (i.e., juveniles) with (n = 40) and(More)
The "Nutrition and Health Survey of Taiwan's Elementary School Children (2001-2002)" was to investigate the nutritional status, influential dietary and non-dietary factors, health and development, and school performance, as well as the inter-relationships among these factors. The survey adopted a two-staged stratified, clustered probability sampling scheme.(More)
Few national longitudinal studies have investigated the modifiable risk factors for depression in the elderly. This study investigated the risk factors and health-related behaviors associated with depressive symptoms using a national survey of Taiwanese elderly with a 4-year follow-up period. In this prospective cohort study, 1481 non-demented(More)