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Lovastatin (an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor) and troglitazone (a PPAR-gamma agonist) have been intensively studied prospectively for their application in cancer treatment. However, clinical trials of lovastatin or troglitazone in cancer treatment resulted in only limited responses. To improve their efficacy, lovastatin and troglitazone have, respectively,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a human urine preparation on the differentiation of tumor cells. DESIGN The pheochromocytoma PC12 cells were used to examine the effects of a human urine preparation, CDA-2 on the induction of differentiation markers, neurofilaments, and compared with that induced by nerve growth factor(More)
Honokiol, a hydroxylated biphenyl compound isolated from the Chinese herb Magnolia officinalis, has been reported to have anticancer activities in a variety of cancer cell lines. The present study aimed to evaluate the anticancer effect and possible molecular mechanisms of honokiol in a glioblas-toma multiforme (GBM) cell line. The anticancer activities of(More)
Mefloquine (MQ) is a prophylactic anti-malarial drug. Previous studies have shown that MQ induces oxida-tive stress in vitro. Evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be used as a therapeutic modality to kill cancer cells. This study investigated whether MQ also inhibits prostate cancer (PCa) cell growth. We used sulforhodamine B (SRB)(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide; the most common pathologic type is lung adenocarcinoma (LADC). In spite of the recent progress in targeted therapy, most LADC patients eventually expired due to the inevitable recurrence and drug resistance. New complementary agent with evidence-based molecular mechanism is urgently needed. MiR-34a(More)
Neuroblastomas, an embryonic cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, often occur in young children. Honokiol, a small-molecule polyphenol, has multiple therapeutic effects and pharmacological activities. This study was designed to evaluate whether honokiol could pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and induce death of neuroblastoma cells and its(More)
Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays an important role in the development of colon cancer. HS7 is an active fraction extracted from Taiwanofungus camphoratus, which had been widely used as complementary medicine for Taiwan cancer patients in the past decades. In this study, we demonstrated the effects of HS7 on the growth inhibition,(More)
Five lanostane (2, 3, 4, 6 and 8) and three ergostane-type (1, 5 and 7) triterpenes isolated from the fruiting bodies of Antrodia camphorata were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic data against various cancer cell types. The three zhankuic acids, 1, 5 and 7 displayed the most potent cytotoxic effect with an IC(50) value of 22.3-75.0microM. The compound(More)
Honokiol, an active compound of Magnolia officinalis, exerted many anticancer effects on various types of cancer cells. We explored its effects on the elimination of cancer stem-like side population (SP) cells in human oral squamous cell carcinoma SAS cells. The sorted SP cells possessed much higher expression of stemness genes, such as ABCG2, ABCC5, EpCAM,(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) has been widely used for the treatment of cancer and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Aspirin (ASA) is a non-selective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor that contributes to the treatment of inflammatory conditions such as RA. It has been observed that the antitumor effect of ASA can be attributed to inhibition of cell cycle progression, induction(More)