Chih-Jen Chen

Learn More
PURPOSE This work aimed to investigate the effect of costunolide, a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Michelia compressa, on cell cycle distribution and radiosensitivity of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. METHODS The assessment used in this study included: cell viability assay, cell cycle analysis by DNA histogram, expression of(More)
The endoscopic finding of nodular gastritis (NG) is highly associated with presence of Helicobacter pylori infection. How the endoscopic patterns and histopathology of NG change after eradication of H. pylori is unclear. Twenty-one adults (3 men and 18 women) with H. pylori-associated NG found on endoscopy were enrolled for this study. The histological(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, there is no training model that simulates the target lesion encountered during endoscopic submucosal dissection. OBJECTIVE To develop a novel method simulating a target lesion for endoscopic submucosal dissection. DESIGN Training program with the use of an ex vivo porcine stomach model. SETTING Clinical skills training center. (More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE For patients undergoing gastric surgery because of complications of peptic ulcers, such as bleeding or perforation in the pre-Helicobacter pylori eradication era, their infection status was not surveyed or it was neglected altogether. Previous reports have shown spontaneous clearance of H. pylori in these patients but the determining(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have shown that pronase can improve mucosal visibility, but this agent is not uniformly available for human use worldwide. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a mucolytic agent, in improving mucus elimination as measured by decreased endoscopic water flushes during narrow-band imaging (NBI) endoscopy.(More)
Direct peroral cholangioscopy (DPOCS) was reported to present clinical potential, and creating a target-specific training program for biliary endoscopists who lack experience with DPOCS is an important task. This prospective and observational study used five male domestic pigs. Optimal procedures were decided after pilot tests using an in vivo live porcine(More)
BACKGROUND To compare the differences in dose-volume data among coplanar intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), noncoplanar IMRT, and helical tomotherapy (HT) among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and portal vein thrombosis (PVT). METHODS Nine patients with unresectable HCC and PVT underwent step and shoot coplanar IMRT with intent to(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease patients are characterized by hepatic steatosis. Prenatal glucocorticoid overexposure can result in steatosis. In this study, we aimed to determine the mechanism and cellular apoptosis of prenatal glucocorticoid overexposure in rats and whether melatonin can rescue the prenatal glucocorticoid-induced steatosis and apoptosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systematic vasculitis in children which causes coronary arterial lesions and hydrops of gallbladder. Our objective is to correlate the clinical significance and influence on disease outcome of patients with gallbladder abnormalities in Kawasaki dissease. METHODS Children who met KD diagnosis criteria and were(More)