Chih-Hsin Tang

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Articular adipose tissue is a ubiquitous component of human joints, and adiponectin is a protein hormone secreted predominantly by differentiated adipocytes and involved in energy homeostasis. We investigated the signaling pathway involved in IL-6 production caused by adiponectin in both rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts and osteoarthritis synovial(More)
Osteoporosis is a reduction in skeletal mass due to an imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) plays important roles in osteoblastic differentiation and bone formation. Therefore, components involved in BMP activation are good targets for the development of anti-osteoporosis drugs. In this study, naringin a(More)
Tumor malignancy is associated with several features such as proliferation ability and frequency of metastasis. Osteopontin (OPN), which abundantly expressed in bone matrix, is involved in cell adhesion, migration, invasion and proliferation via interaction with its receptor, that is, alphavbeta3 integrin. However, the effect of OPN on migration activity in(More)
Glutamate, an important central excitatory neurotransmitter, is also secreted by osteoblasts and may be involved in the regulation of bone metabolism. Glutamate receptors for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) are demonstrated in bone cells. Here we investigated the in vivo effects of glutamate by(More)
Osteoporosis is a reduction in skeletal mass due to an imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) plays important roles in osteoblastic differentiation and bone formation. Therefore, components involved in BMP activation are good targets for the development of anti-osteoporosis drugs. In this study, imperatorin(More)
It has been shown that ultrasound (US) stimulation accelerates fracture healing in animal models and in clinical studies. Here we found that US stimulation transiently increased the surface expression of alpha2, alpha5, beta1, and beta3 integrins in cultured osteoblasts, as shown by flow cytometric analysis and immunofluorescence staining. US stimulation(More)
Nephroblastoma overexpressed (NOV or CCN3) is a secreted matrix-associated protein that belongs to the CCN gene family and is involved in many cellular functions, including growth, differentiation and adhesion. The effect of CCN3 on human prostate cancer cells, however, is unknown. Here, we have shown that CCN3 increased cell migration and intercellular(More)
Aloe-emodin (AE), extracted from the rhizome of Rheum palmatum, has an anti-proliferative effect on different human cancer cell lines. Nonetheless, the underlying mechanism by which AE inhibits nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell invasion is still unclear. The results of this study show that treatment of NPC cells with growth suppressive concentrations of(More)
BACKGROUND In Taiwan, oral cancer has causally been associated with environmental carcinogens. Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, a cell adhesion molecule with a key role in inflammation and immunosurveillance, was implicated in carcinogenesis by facilitating instability in the tumor environment. The current study explored the combined effect of(More)
The AMPK cascade is a sensor of cellular energy change, which monitors the AMP/ATP ratio to regulate cellular metabolism by restoring ATP levels, but its regulation of neuroinflammation mechanism remains unclear. Berberine, one of the major constituents of Chinese herb Rhizoma coptidis, has been shown to improve several metabolic disorders, such as obesity(More)