Chih-Hsin Muo

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between the use of zolpidem and risk of subsequent stroke in Taiwanese patients. METHOD This case-control study used data obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database to determine whether the use of zolpidem is associated with an increased risk of stroke. The case group comprised 12,747 patients who(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between benzodiazepine (BZD) use and risk of incident stroke by utilizing data from 2000 to 2003 from the National Health Insurance system of Taiwan. METHODS Study subjects consisted of 38,671 patients with new BZD use and 38,663 people without BZD use who were frequency-matched for(More)
BACKGROUND The air pollution caused by vehicular emissions is associated with cognitive decline. However, the associations between the levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) exposure and dementia remain poorly defined and have been addressed in only a few previous studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this study, we obtained data on 29547(More)
BACKGROUND This study presents an evaluation of the bidirectional correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and epilepsy using 2 cohorts from the same population database. METHODS We used data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to establish 2 separate cohort studies with participants <19 years old. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possible association between benzodiazepine use and subsequent cancer risk in Taiwan. METHOD In this population-based retrospective cohort study, we used data from 1996 to 2000 from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance system to investigate the possible association between benzodiazepine use and cancer risk. The exposure(More)
OBJECTIVE Chinese herbal products (CHPs) are widely used for atrial fibrillation (AF) in Taiwan. We investigated the effect of adjuvant CHPs in preventing ischemic stroke in patients with AF. METHODS Taiwanese patients in the Health Insurance Database newly diagnosed with AF during 2000-2011 were enrolled. Medication treatment with/without CHPs was(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients diagnosed with depression are at an elevated risk of physical illness. Researchers have noted that depression negatively affects immune function and leads to increased susceptibility to infection, including herpes zoster. Few epidemiologic studies have been conducted on whether patients with depression are at a higher risk of herpes(More)
Antibodies to B. melitensis were detected by agglutination by using the Rose Bengal and Brucella Wright tests (both from BioRad, Hercules, CA, USA). Of the 63 patients, 9 had a positive antibody response against a tested antigen (Table): 1 to phase I C. burnetii and 8 to Bartonella spp. (IgG >200). Of these, 7 had a 1-fold dilution higher titer to B.(More)
D iabetes is associated with an increased risk of various forms of cancer, such as cancer of the liver, colon, pancreas, breast, bladder, and kidney. Metformin, widely given to patients with type 2 diabetes, works by inhibiting hepatic glucose production through an LKB1 (serine-threonine liver kinase B1)/AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)– mediated(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with the morbidity of cancer. However, whether different dialysis modality and sex effect modify the cancer risks in ESRD patients remains unclear. A total of 3,570 newly diagnosed ESRD patients and 14,280 controls matched for age, sex, index month, and index year were recruited(More)