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Molecular systematics and phylogeography of the gigantic earthworms of the Metaphire formosae species group (Clitellata, Megascolecidae).
TLDR
The systematics and phylogeography of this Metaphire formosae species group were investigated using DNA sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase sub unit I (COI), 16S ribosomal (r)RNA, and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (ND1) to expose non-monophyly within each of the genera Amynthas andMetaphire, and more generally within the Pheretima complex.
A critique of earthworm molecular phylogenetics
TLDR
It is argued that multiple levels of rapid divergence in the evolutionary history of earthworms make phylogenetic reconstruction difficult and molecular phylogenetics is now on the verge of revolutionizing earthworm systematics.
Two new species of Helobdella Blanchard 1896 (Hirudinida: Rhynchobdellida: Glossiphoniidae) from Taiwan, with a checklist of hirudinea fauna of the island
TLDR
Three new species of Helobdella leeches are reported and the potential ecological impact of these species was discussed and a checklist of the hirudinea fauna in Taiwan, including eight species in Family Glossiphoniidae, four in Hirudinidae, two in Haemopidae, and two in Salifidae is provided.
Asian pheretimoid earthworms in North America north of Mexico: An illustrated key to the genera Amynthas, Metaphire, Pithemera, and Polypheretima (Clitellata: Megascolecidae).
TLDR
A new key and diagnoses for the 16 pheretimoid earthworm species recorded in North America north of Mexico, including four genera: Amynthas (10), Metaphire (4), Pithemera (1), and Polypheretima (1).
Functionalized nanoparticles provide early cardioprotection after acute myocardial infarction.
TLDR
The results not only demonstrate the potential of nanoparticle-based technology as a new approach to treating MI, but also have significant implications for translation of this technology into clinical therapy for ischemic cardiovascular diseases.
Identifying earthworms through DNA barcodes: Pitfalls and promise
TLDR
Re-evaluated the use of DNA barcodes in earthworm species identification by re-analyzing sequence data for the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene revealed no shared COI haplotypes between morphologically distinct species and higher interspecific than intraspecific divergence in most cases.
DNA barcodes for soil animal taxonomy
TLDR
As ferramentas de identificacao usando DNA podem facilitar e melhorar a exploracao da biodiversidade e a sua descricao, considerando as dificuldades taxonomicas enfrentadas para identificar os animais de solo.
Taxonomy based on science is necessary for global conservation
Author(s): Thomson, Scott A; Pyle, Richard L; Ahyong, Shane T; Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel; Ammirati, Joe; Araya, Juan Francisco; Ascher, John S; Audisio, Tracy Lynn; Azevedo-Santos, Valter M; Bailly,
Taxonomic status and intraspecific phylogeography of two sibling species of Metaphire (Oligochaeta: Megascolecidae) in Taiwan
TLDR
The phylogeographic analysis suggests that the formation of mountains and rivers during the uplift of the Western Foothills in Taiwan comprised the vicariance events responsible for the intraspecific genetic differentiation between these two species.
Biodiversity of Earthworms in Taiwan: A Species Checklist with the Confirmation and New Records of the Exotic Lumbricids Eisenia fetida and Eiseniella tetraedra
TLDR
A checklist ofrestrial megadrile earthworms variously reported from Taiwan is provided with the confirmation and new records of the exotic lumbricids Eisenia fetida (Savigny) and Eiseniella tetraedra ( Savigny).
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