Chih-Chung Huang

Learn More
BACKGROUND The evaluation of organized mammographic service screening programs is a major challenge in public health. In particular, there is a need to evaluate the effect of the screening program on the mortality of breast carcinoma, uncontaminated in the screening epoch by mortality from 1) cases diagnosed in the prescreening period and 2) cases diagnosed(More)
The effect of ultrasound at various energy levels on the conduction properties of neural tissue is explored in this in vitro study. Excised sciatic nerves from the bullfrog were used for experiments. The nerves were stimulated by 3.5 MHz continuous wave ultrasound at 1, 2, and 3 W for 5 min. The peak-to-peak amplitude of the electrically evoked compound(More)
BACKGROUND Betel-quid chewing, an established risk factor for oropharyngeal malignancy, is associated with hyperglycemia and obesity. Associations with other characteristics of the metabolic syndrome have not been reported. OBJECTIVE This study examined associations between betel-quid chewing and the metabolic syndrome, allowing for recognized risk(More)
Ultrasonic parameters of sound velocity and frequency-dependent attenuation ranging from 25 to 45 MHz were measured for the purpose of evaluating the hardness of lenses in cataract surgery (phacoemulsification). Measurements were performed with a 35-MHz ultrasonic transducer on porcine lenses in which artificially cataracts were induced. The hardness of the(More)
A cataract is a clouding of the crystalline lens that reduces the amount of incoming light and impairs visual perception. Phacoemulsification is the most common surgical method for treating advanced cataracts, and determining the optimal phacoemulsification energy is dependent on measuring the hardness of the lens. This study explored the feasibility of(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the Nakagami parameter estimated using the envelopes of backscattered ultrasound is useful in detecting variations in the concentration of scatterers in tissues. The signal processing in those studies was linear, whereas nonlinear logarithmic compression is routinely employed in existing ultrasonic scanners. We(More)
The ultrasonic parameters of sound velocity, attenuation and integrated backscatter were applied to detect the process of coagulation and clot formation in porcine blood. Fresh porcine blood containing 15% anticoagulant solution was collected. Blood samples with a hematocrit of 45% were obtained by reconstituting the packed erythrocytes with the separated(More)
Ultrasonic parameters including sound velocity and attenuation coefficient have recently been found to be useful in characterizing the cataract lens noninvasively. However, the regional changes of these acoustic parameters in the lens cannot be detected directly by those ultrasonic measurements. This prompted us to fabricate a 46-MHz needle transducer (lead(More)
Several <i>in vitro</i> studies have employed ultrasonic techniques to detect varying properties of coagulating blood under static or stirred conditions. Most of those studies mainly addressed on the development and feasibility of modalities and however were not fully considering the effect of blood flow. To better elucidate this issue, ultrasonic(More)
A cataract is a clouding of the crystalline lens that reduces the amount of incoming light and impairs visual perception. Phacoemulsification is the most common surgical method for treating advanced cataracts, and the optimal phacoemulsification energy is determined by the lens hardness. A previous study proposed using the ultrasonic Nakagami image to(More)