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Maternally Inherited Diabetes and Deafness (MIDD) is a rare diabetic syndrome mainly caused by mitochondrial A3243[G point mutation. Common clinical manifestations include diabetes mellitus (DM), deafness, short stature, ophthalmic disease, myopathy, cardiac disorders, renal disease and gastrointestinal disease. We report a case of MIDD with unusual initial(More)
The present study investigated gender differences in the effects of presynaptic and postsynaptic DA agonists on latent inhibition in the passive avoidance paradigm. During the preexposure phase, 32 male and 32 female Wistar rats were exposed to a passive avoidance box (or a different context) and received drug injections in three trials: the control group(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Slowing of average electroencephalography (EEG) frequency in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is well established, but whether EEG changes are able to reflect the severity of AD is uncertain. We attempt to establish quantitative EEG parameters that are suitable for evaluating AD in clinical practice. METHODS Ninety-five patients with newly(More)
Controversies and interest are present in the associations between specific brain locations and depression or anxiety. This study investigated the association between stroke location and emotional changes in stroke patients. This prospective observational study analyzed the neuroimages and neuropsychiatric conditions of 26 patients with acute middle(More)
Sleep disorders are frequently seen in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), including rapid eye movement (REM) behavior disorder and periodic limb movement disorder. However, knowledge about changes in non-REM sleep in patients with PD is limited. This study explored the characteristics of electroencephalography (EEG) during sleep in patients with PD and(More)
The neuromodulation of motor excitability has been shown to improve functional movement in people with central nervous system damage. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of peripheral neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in motor excitability and its effects in people with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). This single-blind case-control study(More)
[Purpose] This study systematically reviewed the antalgic effects of non-invasive physical modalities (NIPMs) on central post-stroke pain (CPSP). [Subjects and Methods] Clinical studies were sought on September 2015 in 10 electronic databases, including Medline and Scopus. The searching strings were "central pain and stroke" and "treatment, and physical or(More)
Critical assessment of experimental muscle-pain models resulting from maximal muscle contraction may provide a means of assessing hypersensitivity and the central nociceptive mechanisms involved in diffused muscle pain. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to investigate the patterns of nociceptive behavior and neuronal changes in the rat spinal(More)
Val66Met polymorphism on the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene is associated with hippocampal pathology and impaired episodic memory. However, the influence of this polymorphism on working memory (WM) performance and patterns of brain activation is controversial. This study investigated the effects of BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on functional(More)
The present study examined the effects of the glutamate receptor antagonist MK-801, the glutamate receptor agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), and sexual dimorphism on latent inhibition to elucidate the glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia. During the pre-exposure phase, 56 male and 65 female Wistar rats were intracerebroventricularly administered normal(More)