Chih-Chieh Mao

Learn More
Many copies of mammalian mitochondrial DNA contain a short triple-stranded region, or displacement loop (D-loop), in the major noncoding region. In the 35 years since their discovery, no function has been assigned to mitochondrial D-loops. We purified mitochondrial nucleoprotein complexes from rat liver and identified a previously uncharacterized protein,(More)
Mitochondrial DNA is arranged in nucleoprotein complexes, or nucleoids. Nucleoid proteins include not only factors involved in replication and transcription but also structural proteins required for mitochondrial DNA maintenance. Although several nucleoid proteins have been identified and characterized in yeast over the course of the past decade, little was(More)
UNLABELLED The C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5; also known as regulated on activation, normal T expressed and secreted, or RANTES) is a member of the CC family of chemokines that specifically attract and activate leukocytes to sites of inflammation. Although CCL5 has been implicated in the processing of pain, its detailed mechanisms of action are still(More)
Accumulated evidence suggests that the C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) modulates migration of inflammatory cells in several pathological conditions. This study tested the hypothesis that lack of CCL5 would modulate the recruitment of inflammatory cells to painful, inflamed sites and could attenuate pain in a murine chronic neuropathic pain model.(More)
BACKGROUND Although inflammation induces pain, immune cells also produce mediators that can effectively counteract it. To further elucidate the role of the immune response, we analyzed the relationship of pain behavior, several inflammatory signals, and opioid peptides using partial sciatic nerve ligation in mice at different levels of immunocompromise. (More)
Mitochondria within human cells contain vast numbers of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which are small, circular, and double-stranded. The proper functions of mtDNA depend totally on specific proteins that are encoded by the nucleus and then imported into mitochondria. Thus instability of mtDNA can stem from the mtDNA itself, or secondarily from abnormalities(More)
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is involved in a wide range of inflammatory disorders and in recruitment of inflammatory cells to injury sites. A recent study of IL-17 knock-out mice revealed that IL-17 contributes to neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury. Surprisingly, little is known of micro-environment modulation by IL-17 in(More)
BACKGROUND Hemeoxygenase-1 induction in response to adverse circulatory conditions is protective. Our recent study has shown that administration of sirtinol attenuates hepatic injury in male Sprague-Dawley rats after trauma-hemorrhage; however, the mechanism by which sirtinol produces the salutary effects remains unknown. We hypothesized that sirtinol(More)
BACKGROUND Although the mammalian central nervous system contains numerous matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), the significance of each MMP relative to nociception remains obscure. Working from the hypothesis that MMPs may be involved in activity-dependent reorganization during neuronal modulation, we explored the role of each MMP following neuropathological(More)