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This work investigated the size distribution of the droplet nuclei and coughed droplets by test subjects. The size distributions of droplet nuclei coughed by test subjects were determined with an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) and scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) system (system 1). Coughed droplets were only sampled with the APS system (system 2).(More)
—Recently, Wang introduced a novel (2, n) region incrementing visual cryptographic scheme (RIVCS), which can gradually reconstruct secrets in a single image with multiple security levels. In RIVCS, the secret image is subdivided into multiple regions in such a way that any t shadow images, where 2 ≤ t ≤ n, can be used to reveal the (t − 1)th region.(More)
A novel and interesting application of RFID was a banknote attached a tag to determine the authenticity of money and to stop counterfeits. At Financial Cryptography 2003, Juels and Pappu firstly proposed a practical RFID banknote protection scheme (RBPS) by using the optical and the electrical (RFID) contacts. RFID-enabled notes can be tracked by the legal(More)
BACKGROUND Adipokines, including adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP), have been demonstrated to be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In the present study, we investigated the association of circulating A-FABP level with severity of myocardial perfusion abnormalities analyzed by Tl-201 dipyridamole single-photon emission computed(More)
BACKGROUND Electrocardiographic (ECG) findings are known to differ by race, however, systematic comparisons of findings between eastern and western countries are rare. OBJECTIVE To compare the ECG findings and associated coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors between Taiwan Chinese and US White adults aged >or=40 years. METHODS We compared the(More)
Perinatal opioid exposure has a negative effect on neurogenesis and produces neurological consequences. However, its mechanisms of action are incompletely understood. Buprenorphine, a mixed opioid agonist/antagonist, is an alternative medication for managing pregnant opioid addicts. This study provides evidence of decreased neurogenesis and depression-like(More)
Rutin has been shown to possess beneficial health effects, including hepatoprotection. However, to date, it has not been demonstrated to have a hepatoprotective effect against cholestatic liver injury. This is the first report to show a protective effect of rutin on cholestatic liver injury. Cholestasis was produced by bile duct ligation (BDL) in male(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare clinical outcomes between mechanical thrombectomy devices with hydrodynamic mechanism and rotational mechanism. BACKGROUND A number of advantages and concerns have been raised for different mechanical devices but the comparisons of clinical outcomes are absent, especially for the treatment of autogenous hemodialysis arteriovenous(More)
BACKGROUND The endovascular salvage of occluded autogenous radial-cephalic fistulae is a more challenging procedure than that for stenotic fistulae. To obtain an access to the fistula is one of the keys to success. Both retrograde venous approach and brachial artery approach have some disadvantages. The radial artery approach has been used in the(More)