Chifumi Yamada

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Using antisera to urotensins I and II (UI and UII), in the carp, Cyprinus carpio, three types of caudal neurosecretory neurons were identified: those with both UI- and UII-immunoreactivities, those with only UI-immunoreactivity and those with only UII-immunoreactivity. The last type of neurons exceeded the other types in number, while neurons immunoreactive(More)
The constituent elements of the gills of Aplysia kurodai and A. juliana were examined for the presence of biogenic amines using histochemical, immunocytochemical, and HPLC techniques. Aminergic elements were revealed by glyoxylic acid-induced fluorescence in the branchial nerve, branchial ganglion, branchial vessels, and pinnules in both species. Three(More)
We investigated the ontogeny of provasopressin gene expression in neurosecretory neurons of the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of developing mice by semi-quantitative in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical techniques in combination with stereometry of vasopressin-immunoreactive neurons. Provasopressin mRNA was detected in paraffin sections(More)
In the four species of elasmobranchs examined (Triakis scyllia, Heterodontus japonicus, Scyliorhinus torazame, Dasyatis akajei), all identifiable caudal neurosecretory cells and their corresponding neurohemal areas showed urotensin II (UII)-immunoreactivity with varied intensity. To localize urotensin I (UI) in the caudal neurosecretory system of the(More)
In three species of teleosts — carp Cyprinus carpio; grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella; and crucian carp Carassius auratus — the caudal neurosecretory system displays small, medium-sized and large neurons. Urotensin I (UI)-immunoreactive and UI-nonreactive neurons were found in all three groups; in general, the number of the latter neurons exceeded that of(More)
Multicellular spheroids of hepatocytes are known to maintain liver functions for a long period. Rat hepatocytes were isolated to form spheroids by rotation culture and immobilized within calcium alginate. Immobilized spheroids had a much higher extent of tyrosine aminotransferase induction, which is one of the liver-specific differentiated functions, than(More)
Tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) induction and albumin secretion abilities were examined in rat hepatocytes immobilized within calcium alginate; the immobilized hepatocytes lost these abilities within a week. An attempt was then made to immobilize multicellular spheroids of hepatocytes for the purpose of stabilizing the liver functions. Although it takes at(More)
Methionine-enkephalin (Met-enk) was detected by immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay in the caudal neuro-secretory system of the carp Cyprinus carpio. Some cells showing urotensin I (UI)-immunoreactivity reacted to Met-enk antiserum, but others did not. Neurons with urotensin II (UII)-immunoreactivity did not react to Met-enk antiserum; neurons with(More)
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