Chien-Song Kao-Shan

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A specific, acquired chromosomal abnormality (deletion 3p) has been found in at least one chromosome 3 in 100 percent of the metaphases in 12 of 12 cell lines cultured from human small-cell lung cancer tissue and in 2-day tumor culture specimens from three patients. Analysis of the shortest region of overlap shows the deletion to be 3p(14-23). This specific(More)
An MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line was selected which was 200-fold more resistant to Adriamycin than the wild type cell line. This Adriamycin-resistant (AdrR) cell line exhibited a multidrug-resistant phenotype and was cross-resistant to a wide range of antineoplastic agents including Vinca alkaloids, anthracyclines, and epipodophyllotoxins. Cytogenetic(More)
In order to determine whether or not there are specific chromosomal changes in small cell lung cancer (SCLC), karyotypic analyses of 16 continuous SCLC tissue culture lines, three fresh tumor specimens (bone marrow), one direct preparation of bone marrow involved with SCLC, and two lymphoblastoid lines derived from SCLC patients were studied. Cell lines(More)
Amsacrine (m-AMSA) is presently being utilized in phase I-II studies at the Medicine Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, MD), and is being administered as a continuous infusion to patients with progressive malignancy after conventional therapy. In the present study, we examined the effects of this drug, in vivo and in(More)
Intercalator-induced DNA strand breaks in mammalian cells represent topoisomerase II:DNA complexes trapped by intercalators. These complexes are detected as protein-associated DNA single-strand breaks (SSB) and DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) by filter elution. Using Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (V79 cells) that were treated for 30 min with various(More)
Cytogenetic studies of the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and the sublines derived from it demonstrated extensive aneuploidy with both numerical and structural abnormalities and a wide range of heteroploidy. Detailed G-banding analyses showed that loss of marker chromosomes was a rare event, while formation of additional structural abnormalities was(More)
4'-(9-Acridinylamino)methanesulfon-m-anisidide, etoposide, and 2-methyl-9-hydroxyellipticinium are antitumor topoisomerase II (topo II) inhibitors. The relationship between drug-induced sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) or chromosomal aberrations and cytotoxicity was investigated in Chinese hamster cells sensitive (DC3F) and resistant (DC3F/9-OHE) to topo(More)
Cytogenetic studies were conducted on fresh and cultured cells from 11 patients with human T-cell leukemia virus-associated adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma. Clones with abnormal karyotypes were detected in 9 of the 11 patients. Chromosome numbers were near-diploid in cells from all but 1 patient who also had a tetraploid clone. The chromosome abnormalities(More)
Cigarette smoking is considered to be the single most important acquired cause of cancer mortality. Studies of chromosome aberrations, sister chromatid exchanges, and fragile sites in peripheral blood or bone marrow are useful methods to detect the effects of the environmental mutagens or carcinogens found in cigarette smoke. The effects of smoking on the(More)
Tumor cell invasion of basement membranes is required at several steps in the process of metastasis. To study the genetic and biochemical events mediating invasion, a variant cell line (TK) was selected from the metastatic M2 K1735 murine melanoma cell line. A novel selection procedure was used, based on in vitro and in vivo invasion and growth upon(More)