Chien-Hua Huang

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Enterovirus-induced myocardial injury can lead to severe heart failure. To date, little is known about the early innate stress response that contributes to host defense in the heart. Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is important in the initiation of the innate antiviral response. We investigated the involvement of TLR3, which recognizes viral double-stranded(More)
To evaluate the clinical factors correlated with postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction and the prognostic implication such dysfunction may have. Prospective observational study in a university medical center 58 adult patients successfully resuscitated from nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest over 2 years. Echocardiographic evaluation of the left(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate which measurement of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) best reflects its atherogenic risk, we examined the associations between different EAT measurements and various atherosclerotic parameters of the entire coronary tree and individual coronary arteries. METHODS This study included 224 consecutive patients underwent multidetector(More)
The innate antiviral response is mediated, at least in part, by Toll-like receptors (TLRs). TLR3 signaling is activated in response to viral infection, and the absence of TLR3 in mice significantly increases mortality after infection with enteroviruses that cause myocarditis and/or dilated cardiomyopathy. We screened TLR3 in patients diagnosed with(More)
AIM OF STUDY Significant myocardial dysfunction and high mortality occur after whole-body ischaemia-eperfusion injuries in the post-cardiac arrest status. The inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening during ischaemia-reperfusion can ameliorate injuries in the specific organs. We investigated the effect and therapeutic window(More)
To examine the effects of ascorbic acid (AA) administrated during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on the myocardial injury in a rat model of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and electrical shock (ES). VF was induced in male Wistar rats and left untreated for 5 min, followed by 1 min of CPR, and then one ES of 5 J. At the start of CPR, animals received(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy and timeliness of using tracheal ultrasound to examine endotracheal tube placement during emergency intubation. METHODS This was a prospective, observational study, conducted at the emergency department of a national university teaching hospital. Patients received emergency intubation because(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus sepsis is associated with significant myocardial dysfunction. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) mediates the inflammatory response to S aureus and may trigger an innate immune response in the heart. We hypothesized that a TLR2 deficiency would attenuate S aureus-induced cardiac proinflammatory mediator production and the(More)
CONTEXT Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a metabolically active visceral fat depot. Its distribution is asymmetrical and primarily concentrated in the grooves. To date, it remains unclear which measurement of EAT best reflects its metabolic risk. OBJECTIVE We aimed to examine the correlations between various multidetector computed tomographic(More)
Mild-to-moderate therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation from cardiac arrest is neuroprotective, but its effect on postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction is not clear. We hypothesized that therapeutic hypothermia is cardioprotective in postresuscitation. Male adult Wistar rats underwent asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest and manual resuscitation with(More)