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BACKGROUND The impact of the sex of a deceased child on maternal suicide has not been studied. We examined whether the death of a child, especially a son, increased the risk of suicide among parous Taiwanese women. METHODS This matched case-control study was done within a cohort of 1 292 462 Taiwanese women who experienced a first and singleton childbirth(More)
AIMS Endothelial dysfunction is a common manifestation of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The protein-bound uremic toxins have emerged as important factors associated with cardiovascular disease and the outcome of CKD. The effect of indoxyl sulfate (IS) on endothelial cells remains unclear. MAIN METHODS Human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC) were(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence supports the important role of protein-bound uremic toxins such as indoxyl sulfate and p-cresol in uremic syndrome. They exert direct deleterious effects on a variety of cells and could link to clinical outcome. Factors relevant to indoxyl sulfate and p-cresol levels in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients have rarely been(More)
AIM Uremic hyperparathyroidism (UHPT) has been shown to contribute to the development and progression of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder. UHPT is frequently observed in chronic dialysis patients, and patients with UHPT are associated with increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Cinacalcet is a novel agent that increases(More)
AIMS Data regarding the occurrence of stroke in dialysis patients are limited and epidemiologic studies to date are controversial with respect to the stroke subtype among dialysis patients. The aim of this study was to perform a population-based study with a retrospective cohort design to investigate the risk of stroke after the initiation of haemodialysis(More)
BACKGROUND There are no prior studies that have estimated the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) among the dialysis population relative to the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the risk of UGIB among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients during a 6-year period following their initiation of hemodialysis (HD) therapy in(More)
AIMS Our study investigated the role of circadian rhythm in the pathogenesis of sleep disturbance in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) based on an animal model. MAIN METHODS Sixteen Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (eight from 5/6 nephrectomized CKD group and eight from control group) were used for electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG)(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of herpes zoster in the dialysis population relative to the general population is not known. The aim of this study was to perform a population-based cohort study to investigate the risk of herpes zoster after the initiation of hemodialysis therapy in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Taiwan, a country with the highest(More)
This study was undertaken to determine whether there was a correlation between fine particles (PM2.5) levels and hospital admissions for myocardial infarction (MI) in Taipei, Taiwan. Hospital admissions for MI and ambient air pollution data for Taipei were obtained for the period 2006-2010. The relative risk of hospital admissions for MI was estimated using(More)
AIMS chronic inflammation contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality of chronic hemodialysis patients. A recent research has shown that adipokines were associated with inflammation in these patients. We aim to investigate whether biomarkers of inflammation, adipokines, and clinical features can predict the outcome of hemodialysis patients. (More)