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BACKGROUND Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is a distinct clinical entity accounting for approximately 25% of obstructive azoospermia in infertile men. The association between CBAVD and mutated CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) alleles is well demonstrated in Caucasians, but the identity of(More)
5,16-dihydrotanshinone I (DHTS) is extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (tanshen root) and was found to be the most effective compound of tanshen extracts against breast cancer cells in our previous studies. However, whether DHTS can induce apoptosis through an endoplasmic reticular (ER) stress pathway was examined herein. In this study, we found that(More)
BACKGROUND Clinically affected cystic fibrosis (CF) patients present a spectrum of genital phenotypes ranging from normal fertility to moderately impaired spermatogenesis and congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD). Little is known about the CF incidence in the Taiwanese population. It has been shown that the CBAVD in men without clinical(More)
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES Evidence-based medicine (EBM) journal clubs are used by health care practitioners to critique and remain updated on relevant health literature. Vote cards, in three different colours (green/yellow/red), allow participants to express their opinions (agree/doubt/reject) on the quality and possibility of clinical application(More)
PT are typically between 1.0 and 3.0 MHz. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) typically has an intensity at 30 mW/cm, pulse ratio 1:4 at 1,000 Hz, and frequency at 1.5 MHz, which has been demonstrated to have lots of beneficial effects in promoting bone-fracture healing, accelerating soft-tissue healing, inhibiting inflammatory responses and so on. The(More)
of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB released was statistically higher than those of the other groups (P<0.05). Greater concentrations of PDGF-AB were measured in PRP after chitosan treatment compared to treatment with a solvent or other activating factors. Additionally, storing PRP at –20 °C resulted in a significant increase in PDGF-AB released(More)
AB157. The correlation between nNOS positive small branches of dorsal penis nerve and erectile function in bilateral cavernous nerve crush model of rat Purpose: Cadavers' evidences showed cavernous nerve (CN), a parasympathetic nerve, joint dorsal penis nerve (DPN) in the penis level. However, no reports elucidate the importance of the main or the small(More)
Diabetic erectile dysfunction is associated with penile dorsal nerve bundle neuropathy in the corpus cavernosum and the mechanism is not well understood. We investigated the neuropathy changes in the corpus cavernosum of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes and the effects of Icariside II (ICA II) on improving neuropathy. Thirty-six 8-week-old(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous development and use of new technologies and methodologies are key features in improving the learning, performance, and skills of medical students and students of all health care professions. Although significant improvements in teaching methodologies have been made in all areas of medicine and health care, studies reveal that students(More)
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