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Ganoderma, also known as Lingzhi or Reishi, has been used for medicinal purposes in Asian countries for centuries. It is a medicinal fungus with a variety of biological properties including immunomodulatory and antitumor activities. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms by which Ganoderma tsugae (GT), one of the most common species of(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Ganoderma, known as Lingzhi or Reishi, has been traditionally administered throughout Asia for centuries as a cancer treatment and for other medicinal purposes. AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the inhibitory activity and explore the molecular mechanisms of anti-tumor effect on colorectal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo as(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is known to downregulate HER2 oncoprotein (p185(HER2) or briefly p185) in prostate cancer cells. We demonstrate that the IFN-gamma-induced retinoid-inducible gene 1 (RIG1) acts as a transrepressor of p185. Furthermore, we exhibit that RIG1 downregulates the activated (phosphorylated) form of p185 and phosphoinositide-3 kinase(More)
Triptolide (TPL) inhibits the proliferation of a variety of cancer cells and has been proposed as an effective anticancer agent. In this study, we demonstrate that TPL downregulates HER2 protein expression in oral, ovarian, and breast cancer cells. It suppresses HER2 protein expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Transrepression of HER2 promoter(More)
Overexpression of the HER2 oncogene contributes to tumor cell invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis and correlates with poor prognosis. Magnolol has been reported to exhibit anti-tumor activities. However, the molecular mechanism of action of magnolol has not been investigated in HER2-positive cancer cells. Therefore, we examined the anti-cancer effects of(More)
We examined the anti-angiogenic effects of Ganoderma tsugae methanol extract (GTME) on human epidermoid carcinoma A-431 cells. Our data indicate that GTME inhibits the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in vitro and in vivo, and also inhibits the capillary tube formation of human umbilical(More)
The availability of adequate cancer stem cells or cancer stem-like cell (CSC) is important in cancer study. From ovarian cancer cell lines, SKOV3 and OVCAR3, we induced peritoneal ascites tumors in immunodeficient mice. Among the cells (SKOV3.PX1 and OVCAR3.PX1) from those tumors, we sorted both CD44 and CD133 positive cells (SKOV3.PX1_133+44+,(More)
Changing intracellular pH (pHi) exerts considerable influence on many cellular functions. Different pHi regulators, such as the Na-H exchanger (NHE), Na/(Equation is included in full-text article.)symporter, and Cl/OH exchanger (CHE), have been identified in mature mammalian cells. The aims of the present study were to investigate the physiological(More)
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