Chieko Ohsawa

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Ro 09-0179 (4',5-dihydroxy-3,3',7-trimethoxyflavone), isolated from a Chinese medicinal herb, was found to have potent antiviral activity. It selectively inhibited the replication of human picornaviruses, such as rhinoviruses and coxsackieviruses in tissue culture, but not other DNA and RNA viruses. Ro 09-0298 (4',5-diacetyloxy-3,3',7-trimethoxyflavone), an(More)
The antiviral mechanisms of Ro 09-0410 (4'-ethoxy-2'-hydroxy-4,6'-dimethoxychalcone), which inactivates rhinovirus exclusively, have been investigated. It was suggested that Ro 09-0410 bound to human rhinovirus type 2 (HRV-2) and made it inactive, since the reduced infectivity was completely restored to original levels by extraction of the agent with(More)
Studies of various analogs related to the antipicornavirus agent, 4',5-dihydroxy-3,3',7-trimethoxyflavone (Ro 09-0179), led to the identification of 4'-ethoxy-2'-hydroxy-4,6'-dimethoxychalcone (Ro 09-0410), a new and different type of antiviral agent. Ro 09-0410 had a high activity against rhinoviruses but no activity against other picornaviruses. Of 53(More)
Smad5 is thought to relay signals of the bone morphogenetic protein pathway. The 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of human Smad5 mRNA is long, has the potential to form secondary structures and contains five AUG codons. Here we show that the 5'UTR of Smad5 contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) located within 100 nt of the 3' end of the 5'UTR. The(More)
To realize various types of control equipment in the field of power electronics, a digital control system has been developed that provides excellent flexibility in both hardware and software. A graphic language, CPL, for power electronics has been developed to improve productivity and maintainability. The adoption of a man-machine interface and(More)
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