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An essential step in the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-dependent activation of MAP kinase is the recruitment of Raf-1 to the plasma membrane. Here we present evidence that caveolae are the membrane site where Raf-1 is recruited. Caveolae fractions prepared from normal Rat-1 cells grown in the absence of serum were highly enriched in both EGF receptors and(More)
It is well recognized that high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol is antiatherogenic and serves a role in mediating cholesterol efflux from cells. However, HDL has multiple additional endothelial and antithrombotic actions that may also afford cardiovascular protection. HDL promotes the production of the atheroprotective signaling molecule nitric oxide(More)
Current methods for purifying caveolae from tissue culture cells take advantage of the Triton X-100 insolubility of this membrane domain. To circumvent the use of detergents, we have developed a method that depends upon the unique buoyant density of caveolae membrane. The caveolae fractions that we obtain are highly enriched in caveolin. As a consequence we(More)
High density lipoprotein (HDL) activates endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS), leading to increased production of the antiatherogenic molecule NO. A variety of stimuli regulate eNOS activity through signaling pathways involving Akt kinase and/or mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. In the present study, we investigated the role of kinase cascades in(More)
In quiescent fibroblasts, epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors (EGFR) are initially concentrated in caveolae but rapidly move out of this membrane domain in response to EGF. To better understand the dynamic localization of EGFR to caveolae, we have studied the behavior of wild-type and mutant receptors expressed in cells lacking endogenous EGFR. All of(More)
To date, estrogen is the only known endogenous estrogen receptor (ER) ligand that promotes ER+ breast tumor growth. We report that the cholesterol metabolite 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC) stimulates MCF-7 cell xenograft growth in mice. More importantly, in ER+ breast cancer patients, 27HC content in normal breast tissue is increased compared to that in(More)
Synaptotagmins bind clathrin AP-2 with high affinity via their second C(2) domain, which indicates they are involved in coated pit function. We now report that expression of synaptotagmins lacking either the second C(2) domain or the entire cytoplasmic region potently inhibit endocytosis. Inhibition was dependent on two intramembrane cysteine residues that(More)
Estrogen causes nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasodilation due to estrogen receptor (ER) alpha-mediated, nongenomic activation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). The subcellular site of interaction between ERalpha and eNOS was determined in studies of isolated endothelial cell plasma membranes. Estradiol (E(2), 10(-8) mol/L) caused an increase in eNOS(More)
Estrogen causes rapid endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production because of the activation of plasma membrane-associated estrogen receptors (ER) coupled to endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). In the present study, we determined the role of G proteins in eNOS activation by estrogen. Estradiol-17beta (E(2), 10(-8) m) and acetylcholine (10(-5) m) caused comparable(More)
Steroid hormone receptors function classically in the nucleus as transcription factors. However, recent data indicate that there are also non-nuclear subpopulations of steroid hormone receptors, including estrogen receptors (ERs), that mediate membrane-initiated signaling of unclear basis and significance. Here we have shown that an estrogen-dendrimer(More)