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Current methods for purifying caveolae from tissue culture cells take advantage of the Triton X-100 insolubility of this membrane domain. To circumvent the use of detergents, we have developed a method that depends upon the unique buoyant density of caveolae membrane. The caveolae fractions that we obtain are highly enriched in caveolin. As a consequence we(More)
Potocytosis represents a mechanism by which small and large molecules as well as macromolecular complexes are sequestered and transported by caveolae. Caveolae are flask-shaped plasma membrane specializations characterized by a filamentous coat consisting of caveolins that decorates the inside surface of each caveola membrane. They have endocytotic(More)
High density lipoprotein (HDL) activates endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS), leading to increased production of the antiatherogenic molecule NO. A variety of stimuli regulate eNOS activity through signaling pathways involving Akt kinase and/or mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. In the present study, we investigated the role of kinase cascades in(More)
Synaptotagmins bind clathrin AP-2 with high affinity via their second C(2) domain, which indicates they are involved in coated pit function. We now report that expression of synaptotagmins lacking either the second C(2) domain or the entire cytoplasmic region potently inhibit endocytosis. Inhibition was dependent on two intramembrane cysteine residues that(More)
It is well recognized that high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol is antiatherogenic and serves a role in mediating cholesterol efflux from cells. However, HDL has multiple additional endothelial and antithrombotic actions that may also afford cardiovascular protection. HDL promotes the production of the atheroprotective signaling molecule nitric oxide(More)
An essential step in the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-dependent activation of MAP kinase is the recruitment of Raf-1 to the plasma membrane. Here we present evidence that caveolae are the membrane site where Raf-1 is recruited. Caveolae fractions prepared from normal Rat-1 cells grown in the absence of serum were highly enriched in both EGF receptors and(More)
Estrogen causes rapid endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production because of the activation of plasma membrane-associated estrogen receptors (ER) coupled to endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). In the present study, we determined the role of G proteins in eNOS activation by estrogen. Estradiol-17beta (E(2), 10(-8) m) and acetylcholine (10(-5) m) caused comparable(More)
Circulating levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol are inversely related to the risk of cardiovascular disease, and HDL and the HDL receptor scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) initiate signaling in endothelium through src that promotes endothelial NO synthase activity and cell migration. Such signaling requires the C-terminal(More)
Steroid hormone receptors function classically in the nucleus as transcription factors. However, recent data indicate that there are also non-nuclear subpopulations of steroid hormone receptors, including estrogen receptors (ERs), that mediate membrane-initiated signaling of unclear basis and significance. Here we have shown that an estrogen-dendrimer(More)
Human endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene polymorphism at Exon 7 (Glu298Asp) has been linked to vascular endothelial dysfunction, but the mechanisms are not defined. Shear is a key modulator of NOS3 function in vivo and association with caveolae is important for the control of NOS3 protein activity. Here we tested the hypothesis that altered(More)