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Several molecular genetic studies have been conducted with regard to the association between catecholamine-related genes and personality traits. However, the results of replication studies did not always coincide. One of the possible reasons may be that the effect exerted by the individual gene is small. In the present study, we investigated the association(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) produced by intestinal dendritic cells (DCs) imprints gut-homing specificity on lymphocytes and enhances Foxp3(+) regulatory T-cell differentiation. The expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 1A in these DCs is essential for the RA production. However, it remains unclear how the steady-state ALDH1A expression is induced under(More)
The association between the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) exon III polymorphism and personality trait of novelty seeking (NS) has been studied intensively. In the Japanese population, the results of the previous studies did not always coincide. In the present study, we investigated the association between the polymorphism and personality traits evaluated by(More)
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a mental disease that affects approximately 1% of the population with life-long devastating consequences. Based on evidence for a major contribution of genetic factors, a decade of extensive efforts has been dedicated to the search of DNA sequence variations that increase the risk to SCZ. Search for genes in rare multiplex SCZ(More)
Autistic patients have a 100 to 190-fold increased risk of neurofibromatosis compared to the general population. This suggests that the two diseases may share a common etiological background. Recently, a new allele (or the six-repeat allele) of the (AAAT)(n) repeat polymorphism in an Alu sequence in the neurofibromatosis-1 (NF1) gene was observed(More)
Autism is a child-onset pervasive developmental disorder, with a significant role of genetic factors in its development. Genome-wide linkage studies have suggested a 7q region as a susceptibility locus for autism. We investigated several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Forkhead Box P2 (FOXP2) and Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase, Receptor-type, Zeta-1(More)
Serotonin transporter gene may play a critical role in a regulation of mood and other aspects of mental status. A large number of association studies have investigated a correlation between the polymorphism in the serotonin transporter-linked promoter region (5-HTTLPR) and anxiety-related personality traits. The results, however, have been inconsistent.(More)
AIM Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex genetic etiology. Chromosome 15q11-q14 has been proposed to harbor a gene for autism susceptibility because deletion of the region leads to Prader-Willi syndrome or Angelman syndrome, having phenotypic overlap with autism. Here we studied the association between autism and the ryanodine receptor 3(More)
Mitochondria is the major site of energy production in cells, therefore, mitochondrial abnormality may affect functions of organs including the brain, which constantly requires high levels of energy consumption. Previous studies have suggested a role of mitochondria and their DNA polymorphisms in neuro-psychiatric disorders, including Alzheimer's disease,(More)
A number of studies have observed associations between the serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor and mental disorders. Here, we investigated correlations between polymorphisms (-1438G/A and 102T/C) of the 5-HT2A gene and personality traits in healthy Japanese volunteers (n = 239). The personality traits were evaluated using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory(More)