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The acquisition of cytotoxic effector function by CD8(+) T cells is crucial for the control of intracellular infection and tumor invasion. However, it remains unclear which signaling pathways are required for the differentiation of CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes. We show here that Notch2-deficient T cells had impaired differentiation into cytotoxic T(More)
A population of monocytes, known as Ly6C(lo) monocytes, patrol blood vessels by crawling along the vascular endothelium. Here we show that endothelial cells control their origin through Notch signalling. Using combinations of conditional genetic deletion strategies and cell-fate tracking experiments we show that Notch2 regulates conversion of Ly6C(hi)(More)
Intestinal intraepithelial T cells contribute to the regulation of inflammatory responses in the intestine; however, the molecular basis for their development and maintenance is unknown. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor complexes with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) and senses environmental factors, including gut microbiota. Here, we(More)
Numerous microbes inhabit the mammalian intestinal track and strongly impact host physiology; however, our understanding of this ecosystem remains limited owing to the high complexity of the microbial community and the presence of numerous non-culturable microbes. Segmented filamentous bacteria (SFBs), which are clostridia-related Gram-positive bacteria,(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells regulate various immune responses by exerting cytotoxic activity or secreting cytokines. The interaction of NK cells with dendritic cells (DC) contributes to NK cell-mediated antitumor or antimicrobial responses. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms for controlling this interaction are largely unknown. Here, we show an(More)
CD4+ T cells differentiate into memory T cells that protect the host from subsequent infection. In contrast, autoreactive memory CD4+ T cells harm the body by persisting in the tissues. The underlying pathways controlling the maintenance of memory CD4+ T cells remain undefined. We show here that memory CD4+ T cell survival is impaired in the absence of the(More)
The gastrointestinal tract comes into direct contact with environmental agents, including bacteria, viruses, and foods. Intestine-specific subsets of immune cells maintain gut homeostasis by continuously sampling luminal antigens and maintaining immune tolerance. CD11c(+)CX3CR1(+) cells sample luminal antigens in the small intestine and contribute to the(More)
Invariant natural killer T cells are a distinct subset of T cells that exert Janus-like functions. Moreover, Notch signaling is known to have critical roles in the development and functions of T cells. However, it is not known whether Notch signaling contributes to the development or functions of invariant natural killer T cells. Here, we found that(More)
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) is an organ-specific T cell-mediated disease induced by immunizing mice with interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein (IRBP). Autoaggressive CD4(+) T cells are the major pathogenic population for EAU. We investigated the contribution of Notch signaling in T cells to EAU pathogenesis because Notch signaling(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized antigen-presenting cells (APCs) required for T-cell activation and are classified into several subtypes by phenotypic and functional characteristics. However, it remains unclear if distinct transcription factors control the development of each DC subpopulation. In this report, we demonstrate that Notch signaling(More)