Chieh-Liang Wu

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The expression of Fc receptors for IgG (FcγRs) on neutrophils, including CD16, CD32 and CD64, may be modulated in response to sepsis. We investigated the expression of FcγRs on neutrophils and procalcitonin (PCT) as biomarkers of sepsis among critically ill patients. METHODS This prospective study was conducted in a 24-bed(More)
INTRODUCTION Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) is a relatively new category of pneumonia. It refers to infections that occur prior to hospital admission in patients with specific risk factors following contact or exposure to a healthcare environment. There is currently no scoring index to predict the outcomes of HCAP patients. We applied and compared(More)
Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) frequently exhibit resistance to therapeutic drugs, which seriously hampers their treatment. Here, we set out to assess the roles of the multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the doxorubicin (DOX) resistance of NSCLC cells, as well as the putative therapeutic efficacy of MRP1 and P-gp(More)
Paeonol is an active component of Moutan Cortex Radicis and is widely used as an analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory agent in traditional Chinese medicine. We wanted to determine the role of paeonol in treating adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We established an acute lung injury (ALI) model in Sprague-Dawley rats, which was similar to(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common pathogen in mechanically ventilated patients and produces a wide array of virulence factors. Bismuth-thiols (BTs) are active in vitro against all bacterial lung pathogens, including P. aeruginosa. The objective of these studies was to examine the biochemical and morphologic effects of sublethal BT concentrations on P.(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious disorder of intensive care unit patients. We evaluated the safety of continuous prone position ventilation (PRONE) and its effects on oxygenation and plasma cytokine concentrations in patients with ARDS caused by severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS This was a(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell-1 (TREM-1) is a newly discovered molecule that is associated with the inflammatory response to microorganisms. We investigated the role of surface and soluble TREM-1 in differentiating different disease entities in pleural effusion formation. METHODS Sixty-seven patients with(More)
The primary goal of the study was to investigate how peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) played a critical role in the protection of H460 cell, one of the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells with multidrug resistance, from transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)-mediated mitoinhibition. In the study, TGFβ resistance of H460 cell was first(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between concentrations of bronchoalveolar cytokines and bacterial burden (quantitative bacterial count) in intubated patients with a presumptive diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia. DESIGN A cross-sectional and clinical investigation. SETTING Medical/surgical and respiratory intensive care unit of a tertiary(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) may be caused by potential antimicrobial drug-resistant (PADR) microbes. The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidences and risk factors associated with PADR microbes observed in patients with pneumonia occurring outside the hospital setting in Taiwan.(More)