Chieh-Liang Wu

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The interrelationship between microglia and astrocytes in cerebral ischemia was determined in vitro by adding in vitro ischemia-induced supernatant from microglia into astrocytes under the same conditions (glucose-, oxygen- and serum-free). The involvement of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) was further investigated by immunoblocking assay(More)
Paeonol is an active component of Moutan Cortex Radicis and is widely used as an analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory agent in traditional Chinese medicine. We wanted to determine the role of paeonol in treating adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We established an acute lung injury (ALI) model in Sprague-Dawley rats, which was similar to(More)
INTRODUCTION Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) is a relatively new category of pneumonia. It refers to infections that occur prior to hospital admission in patients with specific risk factors following contact or exposure to a healthcare environment. There is currently no scoring index to predict the outcomes of HCAP patients. We applied and compared(More)
Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) frequently exhibit resistance to therapeutic drugs, which seriously hampers their treatment. Here, we set out to assess the roles of the multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the doxorubicin (DOX) resistance of NSCLC cells, as well as the putative therapeutic efficacy of MRP1 and P-gp(More)
BACKGROUND In tuberculosis (TB) endemic areas, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an important but easily misdiagnosed pathogen in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). However, the occurrence of concomitant pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in hospitalized healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) has never been investigated. METHODS AND FINDINGS Seven hundred and one(More)
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is a chronic respiratory disease. Although the pathogenesis of BOOP is still incompletely understood, BOOP is responsive to steroids and has a good prognosis. In our five pigs with chronic postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), typical BOOP lesions were revealed. All five porcine lungs showed(More)
Signaling pathway(s) responsible for transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)-induced epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), invasion and migration of H460 cells (non-small cell lung cancer/NSCLC) was identified in the study. The results showed that TGFβ-induced p38/β-catenin/PPARγ signaling pathway played a critical role in the promotion of EMT, invasion and(More)
Humans produce exhaled breath particles (EBPs) during various breath activities, such as normal breathing, coughing, talking, and sneezing. Airborne transmission risk exists when EBPs have attached pathogens. Until recently, few investigations had evaluated the size and concentration distributions of EBPs from mechanically ventilated patients with different(More)
BACKGROUND The early diagnosis of patients with TB disease is critical after an outbreak of tuberculosis (TB) infection in healthcare facilities. In this study, we report a catastrophic TB outbreak in a psychiatric healthcare facility and analyze the role of regular sputum check-ups and other diagnostic tools to facilitate an early diagnosis. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilation with low tidal volume is recommended for patients with acute lung injury. Current guidelines suggest limiting plateau pressure (Pplat) to < 30 cm H2O for septic patients needing mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study was to determine whether Pplat within the first 24 h of ICU admission is predictive of outcome and whether Pplat(More)
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