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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE More than 100000 Japanese die of pneumonia every year. The number of people residing in nursing homes is increasing with the ageing of the population. In 2005, the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America (ATS/IDSA) published important guidelines for the management of healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP).(More)
Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) plays a major role in acetaldehyde detoxification. The alcohol sensitivity is associated with a genetic deficiency of ALDH2. We have previously reported that this deficiency influences the risk for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. However, the biological effects of the deficiency on neuronal cells are poorly(More)
The basement membrane protein laminin-5 (LN5; alpha3beta3gamma2) undergoes specific proteolytic processing of the 190-kDa alpha3 chain to the 160-kDa form after the secretion, releasing its COOH-terminal, LG4-5 domain. To clarify the biological significance of this processing, we tried to express a recombinant precursor LN5 with a 190-kDa alpha3 chain(More)
The basement membrane protein laminin-5 (Lm5), a heterotrimer of alpha3 (or alpha3A), beta3, and gamma2 chains, regulates cellular adhesion and motility. Here we examined the proteolysis and biological function of the laminin beta3 chain. First, we found that the beta3 chain of Lm5 is cleaved at its N-terminal, short arm by an endogenous proteinase(s) in(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein-related protein-1 (IGFBP-rP1) modulates cellular adhesion and growth in an IGF/insulin-dependent or independent manner. It also shows tumor-suppressive activity in vivo. We recently found that a single-chain IGFB-rP1 is proteolytically cleaved to a two-chain form by a trypsin-like, endogenous serine(More)
The basement membrane (BM) proteins laminins, which consist of α, β and γ chains, play critical roles in the maintenance of tissue structures. One of laminin α chains, α3 has two isoforms, the truncated form α3A and the full-sized form α3B. In contrast to α3A laminins, little is known about α3B laminins. To show the histological distribution of the laminin(More)
DJ-1 is a multifunctional protein associated with Parkinson’s disease and plays a significant role in protecting nerve cells from oxidative stress. DJ-1 is expressed in the skin, although its function there is unknown. In this study, we investigated DJ-1 function in keratinocytes. DJ-1 was induced by H2O2 exposure and UV irradiation in keratinocytes. DJ-1(More)
Quantitative measurement of serum hepatitis C virus(HCV) RNA is important in predicting and monitoring interferon(IFN) therapy. We compared the sensitivity of HCV RNA measurement of different HCV genotypes between two available assays, Roche Monitor 1.0(v1.0) and Roche Monitor 2.0(v2.0). We also evaluated serum level of HCV RNA as the predictors of a(More)
Galectin-1 from American bullfrog, RCG1, was isolated to high purity, and its growth inhibitory properties against human cells were examined. The results demonstrated that highly purified RCG1 induced large cell aggregates and revealed cell-type-specific growth inhibition. It significantly inhibited all human leukemia cell lines tested such as HL-60, U937,(More)
Sjögren’s syndrome is characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands, together with polyclonal B-cell activation, and lung diseases are well-known complications of the disease. Therefore, in most cases associated with Sjögren’s syndrome, infiltrating lymphocytes in the lung specimen exhibit the features of B-cells. We herein report an(More)