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The nucleotide sequence of the Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus (XcGV) genome was determined and found to comprise 178,733 bases with a G+C content of 40.7%. It contained 181 putative genes of 150 nucleotides or greater that showed minimal overlap. Eighty-four of these putative genes, which collectively accounted for 43% of the genome, are homologs of genes(More)
Adoxophyes honmai nucleopolyhedrovirus (AdhoNPV) has a distinctive pathology in A. honmai larvae, killing the host more slowly than other NPVs. To further understand the pathology of AdhoNPV, its genome was completely sequenced and compared with those of other baculoviruses. The AdhoNPV genome is 113,220 bp, with a G + C content of 35.6%. It contains 125(More)
In order to characterize the genome organization of Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus (XcGV), mapping of putative XcGV genes was performed by construction of lambda and M13 phage libraries followed by Southern blot and nucleotide sequencing analyses. Mapping of the lambda (32 clones covering the entire XcGV genome) and M13 (133 clones made by random cloning)(More)
We compared the infectivity of two nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs), MyseNPV G isolated from Mythimna separata (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and SpltNPV S isolated from Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). MyseNPV G was more pathogenic against M. separata than against S. litura. Although SpltNPV S was more pathogenic than MyseNPV G(More)
Restriction endonuclease analysis was performed on the genomic DNA of granulosis viruses isolated from noctuid species of six genera: Xestia c-nigrum, Autographa gamma, Hydraecia amurensis, Celaena leucostigma, Aletia pallens and Pseudaletia separata. All of the isolates gave very similar restriction endonuclease profiles with only minor variations. An(More)
A Japanese isolate of Mamestra brassicae nucleopolyhedrovirus (MabrNPV) was identified phylogenetically as a group II nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) that is related closely to other NPVs isolated from Mamestra spp. based on nucleotide sequence data of its polh, egt and lef-3 genes. The multiplication of MabrNPV in M. brassicae larvae was characterized following(More)
Lepidopteran baculovirus-specific protein FP25K performs many roles during the infection cycle, including functions in the production of occlusion bodies (OBs) and budded viruses (BVs), oral infection, and postmortem host degradation. To explore the common and specific functions of FP25K proteins among lepidopteran baculoviruses, we performed comparative(More)
Sex pheromone production in most moths is initiated following pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide receptor (PBANR) activation. PBANR was initially cloned from pheromone glands (PGs) of Helicoverpa zea and Bombyx mori. The B. mori PBANR is characterized by a relatively long C-terminus that is essential for ligand-induced internalization, whereas(More)
The pathogenicity of two granuloviruses (GVs), Xestia c-nigrum GV (XecnGV) and Pseudaletia unipuncta GV (PsunGV), was examined in Mythimna separata. Partial sequencing of the genome of PsunGV indicated that it is related closely to XecnGV, but considered to be a different species. PsunGV and XecnGV showed similar pathogenicity in terms of dose-mortality(More)
The synergistic enhancement of nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) infection by granuloviruses (GVs) is well documented; and a GV granule protein, named viral enhancin, has been identified as an active contributor to this effect. We detected the presence of two proteins with molecular mass of 93 and 108 kDa in granules of a GV isolated from Xestia c-nigrum (L.)(More)