Chidozie J Amuzie

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Deoxynivalenol (DON), a trichothecene mycotoxin found in grains and cereal-based foods worldwide, impairs weight gain in experimental animals but the underlying mechanisms remain undetermined. Oral exposure to DON induces rapid and transient upregulation of proinflammatory cytokine expression in the mouse. The latter are known to induce several suppressors(More)
Macrocyclic trichothecene mycotoxins produced by indoor air molds potentially contribute to symptoms associated with damp building illnesses. The purpose of this investigation was to determine (1) the kinetics of nasal inflammation and neurotoxicity after a single intranasal instillation of roridin A (RA), a representative macrocyclic trichothecene; and (2)(More)
The frequent presence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in cereal-based foods and the high intake of these foods by children raises particular concerns about the relative susceptibility of this subpopulation to adverse effects evoked by this mycotoxin. We tested the hypothesis that both toxicokinetics and proinflammatory cytokine gene expression following a oral DON(More)
Consumption of deoxynivalenol (DON), a trichothecene mycotoxin commonly detected in cereal-based foods, causes impaired growth in many animal species. While growth retardation is used as a basis for regulating DON levels in human food, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Oral exposure of mice to DON rapidly induces multiorgan expression of(More)
Oral exposure to the trichothecene deoxynivalenol (DON), a common cereal grain contaminant, adversely affects growth and immune function in experimental animals. Besides foodborne exposure, the potential exists for DON to become airborne during the harvest and handling of grains and therefore pose a risk to agricultural workers. The purpose of this study(More)
SCOPE To characterize the effects of ingesting the common foodborne mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) on body weight and composition in the high-fat (HF) diet-induced obese mice, a model of human obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS Female B6C3F1 mice were initially fed HF diets containing 45% kcal (HF45) or 60% kcal (HF60) as fat for 94 days to induce obesity. Half(More)
We investigated differences in the pulmonary and systemic clearance of Stachybotrys chartarum spores in two strains of mice, BALB/c and C57BL/6J. To evaluate clearance, mice were intratracheally instilled with a suspension of radiolabeled S. chartarum spores or with unlabeled spores. The lungs of C57BL/6J mice showed more rapid spore clearance than the(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON or vomitoxin) is a trichothecene mycotoxin commonly found in cereal grains that adversely affects growth and immune function in experimental animals. A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to monitor the kinetics of distribution and clearance of DON in tissues of young adult B6C3F1 male mice that were orally(More)
Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity accounts for nearly half of acute liver failure cases in the United States. The doses that produce hepatotoxicity vary considerably and many risk factors have been proposed, including liver inflammation from viral hepatitis. Interestingly, inflammatory stress from another stimulus, bacterial endotoxin(More)
Consumption of the trichothecene deoxynivalenol (DON) suppresses growth in experimental animals - an adverse effect that was used to establish the tolerable daily intake for this toxin. DON ingestion has been recently found to suppress plasma insulin-like growth factor acid-labile subunit (IGFALS), a protein essential for growth. Studies were conducted to(More)