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Recent reports on some methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin have been a major concern in Korea because of the widespread use of vancomycin due to a high prevalence of MRSA in the country. We describe a 45-year-old man with long-standing pelvic abscess due to MRSA. In spite of vancomycin and teicoplanin(More)
BACKGROUND The goals of a surveillance for nosocomial infections (NIs) are to observe the magnitude and characteristics of NIs and to plan and evaluate policies and guidelines of infection control. This study was designed to determine the rate and distribution of NIs and their causative pathogens in Korean hospitals. METHODS Prospective surveillance was(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a cytokine produced by a host of cells, including monocytes, macrophages, Kupffer cells and hepatocytes, can activate neutrophils. Peripheral neutrophilia and liver neutrophil infiltration are frequently noted in patients with alcoholic liver disease. However, the relationship between IL-8 and different stages of(More)
Antimicrobial susceptibility of 996 isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae from clinical specimens was investigated in 11 Asian countries from September 1996 to June 1997. Korea had the greatest frequency of nonsusceptible strains to penicillin with 79.7%, followed by Japan (65.3%), Vietnam (60.8%), Thailand (57.9%), Sri Lanka (41.2%), Taiwan (38.7%),(More)
The effect of shock wave therapy on acute fractures of the tibia was studied in eight adult dogs. A fracture with a 3-mm gap was created in both tibias and the fractures were fixed internally with a small metallic plate and screws. Each of the right limbs received 2,000 impulses of shock waves at 14 kV whereas the left limbs were used as controls. The(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based test was developed for the detection of Salmonella typhi in the blood specimens from patients with typhoid fever. Two pairs of oligonucleotide primers were designed to amplify a 343-bp fragment of the flagellin gene of S. typhi. Amplified products were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis and Southern blot(More)
BACKGROUND Lactitol (beta-galactosido-sorbitol), a novel disaccharide analogue of lactulose, has been suggested as an alternative to lactulose in the treatment of portosystemic encephalopathy (PSE) in Western country. In order to assess its therapeutic effect and adverse reaction in PSE in the Chinese, we conducted this study. METHODS Forty-one patients(More)
To estimate the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among Korean adults and to present the putative route of HCV transmission among them, serum samples from 4917 adults older than 20 years of age were tested for antibody to HCV (anti-HCV), and histories of blood transfusion and other pertinent information were obtained by self-administered(More)
Twenty cases of carpal bone dislocation were encountered during a 7-year period, with an average of 27 months of follow-up. There were 10 types of dislocation in this series, the most common type was transscaphoid perilunate dislocation seen in 9 cases. In addition, there were 2 scaphoid subluxations, 1 volar lunate dislocation, 1 dorsal perilunate(More)
Sixteen cases of subtrochanteric femur fractures with greater trochanteric extension were treated using the AO dynamic condylar screw (DCS). All cases were treated using the principles of strict indirect reduction to achieve anatomic alignment rather than anatomic reduction, with no bone grafting, and delayed weight bearing. The overall union rate was 93.7%(More)