Chibuike Obioha

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We report a robust method for noninvasive biomagnetic detection of small bowel electrical activity. Simultaneous Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometer (MENG) and serosal electrode recordings were made on pig small bowel. The SOBI blind-source separation algorithm was used to separate the underlying source signals of the MENG.(More)
We present a novel, fully-automated gastrointestinal spike burst detection algorithm. Following pre-processing with SALPA (Wagenaar and Potter, J. Neurosci. Methods 120:113–120, 2002) and a Savitzky–Golay filter to remove unwanted low and high frequency components, candidate spike waveforms are detected utilizing the non-linear energy operator. Candidate(More)
High resolution (HR) multi-electrode mapping is increasingly being used to evaluate gastrointestinal slow wave behaviors. To create the HR activation time (AT) maps from gastric serosal electrode recordings that quantify slow wave propagation, it is first necessary to identify the AT of each individual slow wave event. Identifying these ATs has been a time(More)
BACKGROUND Gastroparesis is characterized by delayed gastric emptying without mechanical obstruction, but remains difficult to diagnose and distinguish from other gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Gastroparesis affects the gastric slow wave, but non-invasive assessment has been limited to the electrogastrogram (EGG), which reliably characterizes temporal(More)
We report a novel method for identifying the small intestine electrical activity slow-wave frequencies (SWFs) from noninvasive biomagnetic measurements. Superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer measurements are preprocessed to remove baseline drift and high-frequency noise. Subsequently, the underlying source signals are separated using the(More)
The slow wave activity was measured in the magnetoenterogram (MENG) of normal porcine subjects (N = 5) with segmental intestinal ischemia. The correlation changes in enteric slow wave activity were determined in MENG and serosal electromyograms (EMG). MENG recordings show significant changes in the frequency and power distribution of enteric slow-wave(More)
We measured gastric slow wave activity simultaneously with a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometer, mucosal electrodes and cutaneous electrodes in 18 normal human subjects (11 women and 7 men). We processed signals with Fourier spectral analysis and SOBI blind-source separation techniques. We observed a high waveform correlation(More)
AIM Gastric disorders affect the gastric slow wave. The cutaneous electrogastrogram (EGG) evaluates the electrical potential of the slow wave but is limited by the volume conduction properties of the abdominal wall. The magnetogastrogram (MGG) evaluates the gastric magnetic field activity and is not affected as much by the volume conductor properties of the(More)
We measured gastric slow wave activity simultaneously with magnetogastrogram (MGG), mucosal electromyogram (EMG) and electrogastrogram (EGG) in human subjects with varying body mass index (BMI) before and after a meal. In order to investigate the effect of BMI on gastric slow wave parameters, each subject's BMI was calculated and divided into two groups:(More)
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