Learn More
The homo- and heterodimerization of Bcl-2 family proteins is important for transduction and integration of apoptotic signals and control of the permeability of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum membranes. Here we mapped the interface of the Bcl-2 homodimer in a cell-free system using site-specific photocross-linking. Bcl-2 homodimer-specific(More)
During initiation of apoptosis, Bcl-2 family proteins regulate the permeability of mitochondrial outer membrane. BH3-only protein, tBid, activates pro-apoptotic Bax to release cytochrome c from mitochondria. tBid also activates anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 in the mitochondrial outer membrane, changing it from a single-spanning to a multispanning conformation that(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocytes spend their lifetimes in a gradient of oxygen, hormones, and enzymes. We used a three-dimensional Matrigel model to determine whether hepatocytes cultured at perivenous (zone 3) oxygen levels differed in susceptibility to anoxia-induced cell injury compared with hepatocytes cultured at periportal (zone 1) oxygen levels. MATERIALS(More)
Interactions among Bcl-2 family proteins mediated by Bcl-2 homology (BH) regions transform apoptosis signals into actions. The interactions between BH3 region-only proteins and multi-BH region proteins such as Bax and Bcl-2 have been proposed to be the dominant interactions required for initiating apoptosis. Experimental evidence also suggests that both(More)
Thymocyte development is accompanied by sequential changes in cell surface glycosylation. For example, medullary thymocytes have increased levels of alpha2,3-linked sialic acid and a loss of asialo core 1 O-glycans as compared to cortical thymocytes. Some of these changes have been linked to fine tuning of the T cell receptor avidity. We analyzed ST6Gal I(More)
Both pro-apoptotic Bax and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 are structurally homologous to the pore-forming domain of bacterial toxins. Bax proteins oligomerize in the mitochondrial outer membranes forming pores that release cytochrome c from the mitochondrial intermembrane space. Bcl-2 proteins also form pores that, however, are much smaller than the Bax pore. It is(More)
Murine thymocytes down-regulate IL-7 responsiveness following beta-selection and reacquire sensitivity after positive selection. To assess the potential consequences of IL-7 signaling during this phase of development, transgenic IL-7 receptor alpha (IL-7Ralpha) mice were evaluated for IL-7 responsiveness as gauged by STAT-5 phosphorylation. Transgenic(More)
CD27 and CD28 have emerged as indicators demarcating the transition of thymocytes through beta-selection. We found that CD28 exhibits a greater dynamic range of expression during this phase, thus it was employed to further parse the DN/CD44(-) compartment in order to assess IL-7 signaling during the beta-selection process. Plotting CD28 versus CD25(More)
Interleukin (IL)-7 is a factor essential for mouse and human thymopoiesis. Mouse thymocytes have altered sensitivities to IL-7 at different developmental stages. CD4/CD8 double positive (DP) mouse thymocytes are shielded from the influence of IL-7 because of loss of CD127 (IL-7Ralpha). In this study, we assessed IL-7 receptor expression and IL-7 signaling(More)
We have developed a 12-parameter/10-color flow cytometric staining method for the simultaneous detection and characterization of 21 mouse thymocyte subpopulations that represent discreet stages of T cell development. To demonstrate the utility of this method, we assessed cytokine receptor expression on mouse thymocyte subsets. These experiments revealed(More)