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The mechanisms that regulate the gradual exit of ovarian follicles from the non-growing, primordial pool are very poorly understood. A better understanding of the signals that initiate follicular growth in mammals, and of the conditions necessary for sustained growth of early preantral follicles in vitro, could have practical implications for contraception,(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the factors that control the initiation of growth of primordial follicles. Primordial follicles in pieces of fetal bovine ovarian cortex spontaneously activate in vitro and develop to the primary stage, but few follicles develop further. For decades, embryologists have grafted tissue to the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of(More)
The first critical transition in follicular development, the activation of primordial follicles to leave the pool of resting follicles and begin growth, is poorly understood, but it appears that the balance between inhibitory and stimulatory factors is important in regulating the exodus of follicles from the resting pool. There is evidence that(More)
Bacterial infections induce exacerbations in chronic lung diseases, e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), by enhancing airway inflammation. Exacerbations are frequently associated with right heart decompensation and accelerate disease progression. Endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs) might have therapeutic potential as pulmonary vasodilators(More)
During bacterial infections, pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) induce cytokine/chemokine release in immunoactive cells. This increases corticosteroid-resistant airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and leads to exacerbations. Anti-inflammatory therapies other than corticosteroids are required and resveratrol is(More)
Th activation of red cells is characterized by agglutination with the peanut lectin from Arachis hypogaea and is diminished by treatment with proteolytic enzymes. The first cases of Th activation were associated with bacterial infections. More recently, a high incidence of Th activation in congenital hypoplastic anemia has been reported, along with the(More)
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