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The histone variant macroH2A generally associates with transcriptionally inert chromatin; however, the factors that regulate its chromatin incorporation remain elusive. Here, we identify the SWI/SNF helicase ATRX (α-thalassemia/MR, X-linked) as a novel macroH2A-interacting protein. Unlike its role in assisting H3.3 chromatin deposition, ATRX acts as a(More)
Histone variants are key players in shaping chromatin structure, and, thus, in regulating fundamental cellular processes such as chromosome segregation and gene expression. Emerging evidence points towards a role for histone variants in contributing to tumor progression, and, recently, the first cancer-associated mutation in a histone variant-encoding gene(More)
Cancer is a disease consisting of both genetic and epigenetic changes. Although increasing evidence demonstrates that tumour progression entails chromatin-mediated changes such as DNA methylation, the role of histone variants in cancer initiation and progression currently remains unclear. Histone variants replace conventional histones within the nucleosome(More)
Histone variants are emerging as key regulatory molecules in cancer. We report a unique role for the H2A.Z isoform H2A.Z.2 as a driver of malignant melanoma. H2A.Z.2 is highly expressed in metastatic melanoma, correlates with decreased patient survival, and is required for cellular proliferation. Our integrated genomic analyses reveal that H2A.Z.2 controls(More)
ATRX is a member of the SWI/SNF family of chromatin remodelers, originally identified as mutated in patients with Alpha Thalassemia/Mental Retardation, X-linked syndrome. The protein product contains several highly conserved domains, including an ADD (ATRX-DNMT3-DNMT3L) domain that binds methylated histone H3 at lysine 9 and an ATPase domain responsible for(More)
Histone variants are attracting attention in the field of cancer epigenetics. Our study has established a novel role for the uncharacterized histone variant H2A.Z.2 as a driver of malignant melanoma. H2A.Z.2 promotes cellular proliferation by recruiting BRD2 and E2F1 to E2F target genes and facilitating their transcription. High H2A.Z.2 expression(More)
Replacement of canonical histones with specialized histone variants promotes altering of chromatin structure and function. The essential histone variant H2A.Z affects various DNA-based processes via poorly understood mechanisms. Here, we determine the comprehensive interactome of H2A.Z and identify PWWP2A as a novel H2A.Z-nucleosome binder. PWWP2A is a(More)
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