Chiara Vardabasso

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Cancer is a disease consisting of both genetic and epigenetic changes. Although increasing evidence demonstrates that tumour progression entails chromatin-mediated changes such as DNA methylation, the role of histone variants in cancer initiation and progression currently remains unclear. Histone variants replace conventional histones within the nucleosome(More)
Histone variants are key players in shaping chromatin structure, and, thus, in regulating fundamental cellular processes such as chromosome segregation and gene expression. Emerging evidence points towards a role for histone variants in contributing to tumor progression, and, recently, the first cancer-associated mutation in a histone variant-encoding gene(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the large amount of data available on the molecular mechanisms that regulate HIV-1 transcription, crucial information is still lacking about the interplay between chromatin conformation and the events that regulate initiation and elongation of viral transcription. During transcriptional activation, histone acetyltransferases and(More)
BACKGROUND The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) favors integration in active genes of host chromatin. It is believed that transcriptional interference of the viral promoter over the endogenous gene or vice versa might occur with implications in HIV-1 post-integrative transcriptional latency. RESULTS In this work a cell line has been transduced(More)
ATRX is a member of the SWI/SNF family of chromatin remodelers, originally identified as mutated in patients with Alpha Thalassemia/Mental Retardation, X-linked syndrome. The protein product contains several highly conserved domains, including an ADD (ATRX-DNMT3-DNMT3L) domain that binds methylated histone H3 at lysine 9 and an ATPase domain responsible for(More)
By exploiting the Chromosome Conformation Capture (3C) technique, we have previously shown that the HIV-1 provirus forms a transcription-dependent gene loop structure between the 5' LTR promoter and 3' LTR poly(A) signal. Flavopiridol-mediated inhibition of RNA polymerase II elongation blocked 5' to 3' LTR juxtaposition, indicating that this structure is(More)
Various members of tripartite motif (TRIM) protein family display antiviral properties, targeting retroviruses in particular. The potential activity of TRIM19, better known as promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) against several viruses has been well documented, yet it's role in HIV-1 infection remains elusive. One of the most important cellular partners of(More)
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