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Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder almost exclusively affecting females and characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Most patients affected by classic RTT and a smaller percentage of patients with the milder form 'preserved speech variant' have either point mutations or deletions/duplications in the MECP2 gene.(More)
The discovery of translocations that involve one of the genes of the ETS family (ERG, ETV1, ETV4 and ETV5) has been a major advance in understanding the molecular basis of prostate cancer (PC). Each one of these translocations results in deregulated expression of one of the ETS proteins. Here, we focus on the mechanism whereby overexpression of the ETV4(More)
We present here a unique case of a 14-year-old female with autism and some features similar to Rett syndrome (RTT). Genetic analysis demonstrated a large deletion of chromosome 2q instead of a MECP2 mutation. Like a Rett patient, she is dyspraxic and shows frequent hand-washing stereotypic activities, hyperpnea, and bruxism. Like a preserved speech variant(More)
MOTIVATION The discovery of novel gene fusions can lead to a better comprehension of cancer progression and development. The emergence of deep sequencing of trancriptome, known as RNA-seq, has opened many opportunities for the identification of this class of genomic alterations, leading to the discovery of novel chimeric transcripts in melanomas, breast(More)
Autism and Rett syndrome, a severe neurological disorder with autistic behavior, are classified as separate disorders on clinical and etiological ground. Rett syndrome is a monogenic X-linked dominant condition due to de novo mutations in the MECP2 gene, whereas autism is a neurodevelopmental and behavioral disorder with complex genetic basis. Maternally(More)
Several cases of interstitial deletion encompassing band 18q12.3 are described in patients with mild dysmorphic features, mental retardation and impairment of expressive language. The critical deleted region contains SETBP1 gene (SET binding protein 1). Missense heterozygous mutations in this gene cause Schinzel-Giedion syndrome (SGS, MIM#269150),(More)
This review focuses on the 19 identified genes involved in X-linked "non-syndromic" mental retardation (MR) and defines the signaling pathways in which they are involved, focusing on emerging common mechanisms. The majority of proteins are involved in three distinct pathways: (1) Rho GTPases pathway modulating neuronal differentiation and synaptic(More)
Cutaneous melanoma is one of the most aggressive type of skin tumor. Early stage melanoma can be often cured by surgery; therefore current management guidelines dictate a different approach for thin (<1mm) versus thick (>4mm) melanomas. We have carried out whole-exome sequencing in 5 thin and 5 thick fresh-frozen primary cutaneous melanomas. Unsupervised(More)
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