Chiara Mazzarelli

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1 Haemorrhoidal disease is a common finding in cirrhotic patients (40– 44%) [1, 2], as haemorrhoidal plexus is a possible site of porto-system-ic venous anastomosis. Portal hypertension (PH) can both exacerbate pre-existent essential haemorrhoidal varices (HV) and cause secondary vascular pathologies, called ano-rectal varices (ARV), particularly in(More)
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