Chiara Lara Castellazzi

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Wheat (Triticum spp.) grains contain large protein polymers constituted by two main classes of polypeptides: the high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits and the low-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GS). These polymers are among the largest protein molecules known in nature and are the main determinants of the superior technological properties of(More)
There is increasing evidence for the presence of an alternative code imprinted in the genome that might contribute to gene expression regulation through an indirect reading mechanism. In mammals, components of this coarse-grained regulatory mechanism include chromatin structure and epigenetic signatures, where d(CpG) nucleotide steps are key players. We(More)
CPEB (Cytoplasmic Polyadenylation Element Binding) proteins are a family of four RNA-binding proteins that regulate the translation of maternal mRNAs controlling meiotic cell cycle progression. But CPEBs are not limited to the transcriptionally silent germline; they are also expressed, in various combinations, in somatic cells, yet their role in regulation(More)
The glutenin fraction of wheat storage proteins consists of large polymers in which high- and low-molecular-weight subunits are connected by inter-chain disulfide bonds. We found that assembly of a low-molecular-weight glutenin subunit in the endoplasmic reticulum is a rapid process that leads to accumulation of various oligomeric forms, and that this(More)
The translational reactivation of maternal mRNAs encoding meiotic drivers in vertebrates is accomplished mainly by cytoplasmic polyadenylation. The cytoplasmic polyadenylation elements (CPEs) present in the 3' untranslated regions (3' UTRs) of these transcripts, together with their cognate CPE-binding proteins (CPEBs), define a combinatorial code that(More)
A combined theoretical-experimental study of the hyperchromic effect as occurring in the denaturation of a double stranded polyA-polyT is presented. Our theoretical/computational procedure allows us to reproduce the essential features of the experimental spectra and to characterize those molecular interactions responsible for the changes in the UV(More)
Physical stress induces changes in immune system parameters; these changes depend on effort schedule and are influenced by customary training. The mechanisms whereby they take place are not fully elucidated: sympathetic activation-mediated mobilization of cells of lymphoid organs, including the spleen, has been suggested. We studied exercise-induced changes(More)
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