Chiara Ghezzi

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The human Na(+)-glucose cotransporter SGLT2 is expressed mainly in the kidney proximal convoluted tubule where it is considered to be responsible for the bulk of glucose reabsorption. Phosphorylation profiling has revealed that SGLT2 exists in a phosphorylated state in the rat renal proximal tubule cortex, so we decided to investigate the regulation of(More)
Glucose is a major metabolic substrate required for cancer cell survival and growth. It is mainly imported into cells by facilitated glucose transporters (GLUTs). Here we demonstrate the importance of another glucose import system, the sodium-dependent glucose transporters (SGLTs), in pancreatic and prostate adenocarcinomas, and investigate their role in(More)
We report the isolation and characterization of novel expressed sequences from the spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) region on human chromosome 5q13. Based on the sequence homology studies these cDNAs were grouped in four classes, one of which shows extensive homologies with the beta-glucuronidase (BG) gene, differing in exon arrangement. The other cDNAs do not(More)
We have previously shown that the oncogene product p21 Ras is essential for the survival and neurite outgrowth-promoting activity of nerve growth factor on cultured chick embryonic sensory, but not sympathetic neurons. In order to extend our observations to the human system and to non-neuronal cells, we introduced the oncogenic form of p21 Ras into the(More)
The origin and development of the mesencephalic dopaminergic (mesDA) neurons within the substantia nigra were characterized in human embryos from Postconception (PC) Week 5.0 to 12.0. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactive cells were first demonstrated in the ventral mesencephalon at PC Week 5.5 next to the ventricular zone. Cell migration and neurite(More)
GangliosideGM1 represents a widespread component of the neural cell plasma membranes. Cholera toxin-B subunit binds selectively to GM1. Human spinal cords at post-conception (PC) weeks 6 to 11 were examined and early GM1 expression shown on the cell plasma membrane in the developing grey matter at PC week 6. GM1 was demonstrated also in the marginal layer(More)
KEY POINTS Glucose transporters are central players in glucose homeostasis. There are two major classes of glucose transporters in the body, the passive facilitative glucose transporters (GLUTs) and the secondary active sodium-coupled glucose transporters (SGLTs). In the present study, we report the use of a non-invasive imaging technique, positron emission(More)
Secondary active transporters, such as those that adopt the leucine-transporter fold, are found in all domains of life, and they have the unique capability of harnessing the energy stored in ion gradients to accumulate small molecules essential for life as well as expel toxic and harmful compounds. How these proteins couple ion binding and transport to the(More)
SGLT2 inhibitors are a new class of drugs that have been recently developed to treat type II diabetes. They lower glucose levels by inhibiting the renal Na(+)/glucose cotransporter SGLT2, thereby increasing the amount of glucose excreted in the urine. Pharmacodynamics studies have raised questions about how these inhibitors reach SGLT2 in the brush border(More)
It has been 30 years since the intestinal sodium glucose cotransporter SGLT1 was cloned, and, in the intervening years, there have been many advances that have influenced physiology and medicine. Among the first was that SGLT1 is the founding member of the human gene family SLC5, containing 11 diverse transporters and a glucose sensor. Equally surprising(More)