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Synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is a member of the Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive-factor attachment protein receptors (SNARE) protein family, required for exocytosis of synaptic vesicles and regulation of diverse ion channels. Here, we show that acute reduction of SNAP-25 expression leads to an immature phenotype of dendritic spines(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) signaling via its receptor uPAR inhibits late events in HIV-1 replication in acutely infected primary monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) and promonocytic U937 cells. Here we show that U937-derived, chronically infected U1 cells stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) express integrins, uPA, and(More)
BACKGROUND HIV replication in mononuclear phagocytes is a multi-step process regulated by viral and cellular proteins with the peculiar feature of virion budding and accumulation in intra-cytoplasmic vesicles. Interaction of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) with its cell surface receptor (uPAR) has been shown to favor virion accumulation in such(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers are potentially useful in assessment of outcomes in patients with cirrhosis, but information is very limited. Given the large number of biomarkers, adequate choice of which biomarker(s) to investigate first is important. AIM Analysis of potential usefulness of a panel of urinary biomarkers in outcome assessment in cirrhosis. (More)
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