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BACKGROUND & AIMS Terlipressin and albumin is the standard of care for classical type-1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) not associated with active infections. However, there is no information on efficacy and safety of this treatment in patients with type-1 HRS associated with sepsis. Study aim was to investigate the effects of early treatment with terlipressin(More)
Over the past fifteen years, numerous observations have linked Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection to ischemic heart disease (IHD). Despite the controversial literature data, it has been postulated that if a role is plausible, it will be in the early events of the acute coronary syndrome. According to this model, we focused on the potential pathogenic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a syndrome that occurs in cirrhosis characterized by organ failure(s) and high mortality rate. There are no biomarkers of ACLF. The LCN2 gene and its product, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), are upregulated in experimental models of liver injury and cultured hepatocytes as a(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Probiotics have been used for cure and prevention of several clinical conditions. However, further insights into the mechanism of action are needed to understand the rationale of their use. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of Lactobacillus GG on the genetic expression patterns in the small bowel mucosa. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Infections in cirrhosis are frequently complicated by kidney dysfunction that entails a poor prognosis. Urinary biomarkers may be of potential clinical usefulness in this setting. We aimed at assessing the value of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), a biomarker overexpressed in kidney tubules during kidney injury,(More)
BACKGROUND Paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction is a well-known complication of large volume paracentesis. Albumin infusion (8g of albumin/L of ascites removed) is effective in preventing it, but high costs and scant availability limit its use. AIM To compare standard vs half albumin doses. METHODS Seventy cirrhotic patients treated with large(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) signaling via its receptor uPAR inhibits late events in HIV-1 replication in acutely infected primary monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) and promonocytic U937 cells. Here we show that U937-derived, chronically infected U1 cells stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) express integrins, uPA, and(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers are potentially useful in assessment of outcomes in patients with cirrhosis, but information is very limited. Given the large number of biomarkers, adequate choice of which biomarker(s) to investigate first is important. AIM Analysis of potential usefulness of a panel of urinary biomarkers in outcome assessment in cirrhosis. (More)
Synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is a member of the Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive-factor attachment protein receptors (SNARE) protein family, required for exocytosis of synaptic vesicles and regulation of diverse ion channels. Here, we show that acute reduction of SNAP-25 expression leads to an immature phenotype of dendritic spines(More)
BACKGROUND HIV replication in mononuclear phagocytes is a multi-step process regulated by viral and cellular proteins with the peculiar feature of virion budding and accumulation in intra-cytoplasmic vesicles. Interaction of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) with its cell surface receptor (uPAR) has been shown to favor virion accumulation in such(More)