Chiara Divella

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Ischemia-reperfusion injury is the major cause of delayed graft function in transplanted kidneys, an early event significantly affecting long-term graft function and survival. Several studies in rodents suggest that the alternative pathway of the complement system plays a pivotal role in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, limited information is(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is emerging as a worldwide public health problem. Recent studies have focused on the possibility of using human adult renal stem/progenitor cells (ARPCs) to improve the repair of AKI. Here we studied the influence of ARPCs on the healing of cisplatin-injured renal proximal tubular epithelial cells. Tubular, but not glomerular,(More)
Acute rejection is still a common complication of kidney transplantation. IL-17 is known to be associated with allograft rejection but the cellular source and the role of this cytokine remains unclear. We investigated IL-17 graft expression in renal transplant recipients with acute antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR), acute T-cell-mediated rejection (TCMR),(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in kidney transplantation is the major cause of delayed graft function (DGF), an event associated with an increased risk of acute rejection. The aim of this study was to evaluate T helper (Th) cell phenotype in renal transplants with DGF. T-bet (Th1), GATA-3 (Th2) and IL-17 (Th17) protein expression was investigated in(More)
BACKGROUND Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) stenosis is the major cause of vascular access failure in hemodialysis. Adventitial remodeling has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of AVF stenosis. This study aimed to evaluate adventitial fibrosis in stenotic AVF and investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS Forty-four patients(More)
BACKGROUND The term chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) was deleted in the Eighth Banff Classification and two new categories were introduced: chronic T-cell-mediated rejection (CTMR) and chronic active humoral rejection (CAHR). The aim of this study was to revise our CAN cases diagnosed in the last 4 years, analyse allograft survival rates and identify(More)
Klotho is an anti-aging factor mainly produced by renal tubular epithelial cells (TEC) with pleiotropic functions. Klotho is down-regulated in acute kidney injury in native kidney; however, the modulation of Klotho in kidney transplantation has not been investigated. In a swine model of ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI), we observed a remarkable reduction(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence demonstrates a phenotypic plasticity of endothelial cells (ECs). Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) contributes to the development of tissue fibrosis. However, the pathogenic factors and signalling pathways regulating this process in ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury are still poorly understood. METHODS We(More)
INTRODUCTION Type I interferons are pivotal in the activation of autoimmune response in systemic lupus erythematous. However, the pathogenic role of interferon-alpha in patients affected by lupus nephritis remains uncertain. The aim of our study was to investigate the presence of a specific interferon signature in lupus nephritis and the effects of(More)
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common malignant renal epithelial tumor and also the most deadly. To identify molecular changes occurring in ccRCC, in the present study we performed a genome wide analysis of its entire complement of mRNAs. Gene and exon-level analyses were carried out by means of the Affymetrix Exon Array platform. To(More)