Chiara Cuccurullo

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BACKGROUND RAGE (receptor for advanced glycation end products [AGEs]) plays a role in diabetic atherosclerosis. Recently, we have demonstrated enhanced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and PGE synthase-1 (COX-2/mPGES-1) in human symptomatic plaques, and provided evidence that it is associated with metalloproteinase (MMP)-induced plaque rupture. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials have demonstrated that agents that inhibit the angiotensin II pathway confer benefit beyond the reduction of blood pressure alone. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this effect has yet to be investigated. Recently, we have demonstrated enhanced expression of inducible cyclooxygenase (COX) and prostaglandin(More)
OBJECTIVE The participation of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) in the development of atherosclerosis has been suggested by recent studies. However, a role for 5-LO as a modulator of atherosclerotic plaque instability has not been previously reported in humans. Thus, the aims of this study was to analyze the expression of 5-LO in human carotid plaques and to(More)
CONTEXT Myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke are thought to be caused by matrix digestion by metalloproteinases (MMPs) leading to rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. Production of macrophage MMP-2 and MMP-9 is induced by cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E(2) synthesis. Although COX-2 expression may be genetically determined, the relation(More)
The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) and its ligands are intimately involved in the pathobiology of a wide range of diseases that share common features, such as enhanced oxidative stress, immune/inflammatory responses, and altered cell functions. Soluble forms of RAGE (sRAGE), including the splice variant endogenous secretory (es)RAGE,(More)
Objective—Inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) catalyzes the first step in prostanoid biosynthesis and is considered a proinflammatory enzyme. COX-2 and type 1 inducible PGE synthase (mPGES-1) have a role in metalloproteinase (MMP) release leading to plaque rupture. In contrast, lipocalin-type PGD synthase (L-PGDS) has been shown to exert antiinflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE We recently demonstrated that inducible cyclooxygenase/PGE synthase-1 (COX-2/mPGES-1) are overexpressed in symptomatic plaques in association with PGE2-dependent metalloproteinase (matrix metalloproteinase [MMP]) biosynthesis and plaque rupture. However, it is not known which of the 4 PGE2 receptors (EP1-4) mediates macrophage metalloproteinase(More)
Atherothrombosis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus. Several mechanisms contribute to the diabetic prothrombotic state, including endothelial dysfunction, coagulative activation and platelet hyper-reactivity. In particular, diabetic platelets are characterised by dysregulation of several signaling pathways(More)
Autism spectrum disorder is of interest neurochemically because it represents a relatively homogeneous disorder with regard to disease development, abnormal cognitive development and intellectual development disturbance. A consistent finding in autistic children is a high number of mast cells and a high level of serotonin which is also found at elevated(More)
BACKGROUND Since iron is essential for lipoxygenase activity and salicylic acid (SA) can interact with the metal, possible lipoxygenase inhibition by SA was investigated. METHODS Kinetic spectrophotometric evaluation of enzymatic lipid peroxidation catalyzed by soybean lipoxygenase (SLO), rabbit reticulocyte 15-lipoxygenase (RR15-LOX), porcine leukocyte(More)