Chiara Cristina Bortolasci

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To determine if oxidative stress and inflammation are linked with major depressive disorder, nicotine dependence and both disorders combined. This study comprised 150 smokers and 191 never smokers. The instruments were: a socio-demographic questionnaire, diagnoses of mood disorder and nicotine dependence according to DSM-IV, (SCID-IV), and the Alcohol,(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression and bipolar disorder are accompanied by the activation of immune-inflammatory and Oxidative and Nitrosative Stress (O&NS) pathways and lowered levels of antioxidants. Paraoxonase (PON)1 (EC 3.1.8.1) is an antioxidant bound to High Density Lipoprotein (HDL). Polymorphisms in the PON1 Q192R coding sequence determine three(More)
There is evidence that immune-inflammatory, stress of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (IO&NS) processes play a role in the neurodegenerative processes observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of the present study was to investigate peripheral IO&NS biomarkers in PD. We included 56 healthy individuals and 56 PD patients divided in two groups: early(More)
There is evidence that genetic factors influence the probability of comorbidity of tobacco use disorder (TUD) with mood disorders. This study was carried out to examine whether both TUD and mood disorders are associated with genetic biomarkers particularly paraoxonase 1 (PON1) status, polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), such as GSTM1 and(More)
Premature atherosclerosis represents the main cause of mortality among end-stage renal disease patients (ESRD). Increased inflammation and oxidative stress are involved in initiation and progression of the atherosclerotic plaque. As foam cells are capable of producing significant amounts of inflammatory mediators and free radicals, we hypothesized that foam(More)
The measurement of the total radical trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP) is a general marker of peripheral blood antioxidant defenses. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a potent antioxidant, which protects against lipid peroxidation. The study aimed to examine the relation between TRAP levels and PON1 activity, PON1 Q192R functional genotypes, smoking, interactions(More)
Introduction: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and motor and non-motor symptoms. Free radicals may play a role in the biochemical events that lead to neuronal death in old age and in neurodegenerative diseases. Furthermore, oxidative stress is apparent in PD. New therapeutic approaches(More)
Introduction: Patients at end stage renal disease have higher levels of inflammation and oxidative stress than the general population. Many factors contribute to these issues, and the parathyroid hormone (PTH) is also implicated. Objective: The study was conducted in order to assess the relationship between PTH levels and inflammation and oxidative stress(More)
There is evidence that the acute phase of schizophrenia (SCZ) is accompanied by specific changes in oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS) biomarkers. There are, however, no firm data regarding these biomarkers in chronic SCZ. Therefore, this study aimed to delineate O&NS biomarkers in patients with chronic SCZ. 125 outpatients with SCZ and 118 controls(More)