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Cancer cells exhibit an endogenous constitutive oxidative stress higher than that of normal cells, which renders tumours vulnerable to further reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) can mitigate oxidative stress by increasing the influx of protons into the mitochondrial matrix and reducing electron leakage and(More)
The human IL-6 promoter contains multiple regulatory elements such as those binding transcription factors belonging to the NF-kappaB (-75/-63), C/EBP (-158/-145 and -87/-76) and AP-1 (-283/-277) families. Herein, we report that ectopic expression of c-Jun, C/EBPdelta, and the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB synergistically activates an IL-6 promoter construct(More)
We investigated the ability of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) to interact with gemcitabine (GEM) in inducing pancreatic cancer cell death. The combined treatment with TSA and GEM synergistically inhibited growth of four pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines and induced apoptosis. This effect was associated with the induction of(More)
Mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) can moderate oxidative stress by favoring the influx of protons into the mitochondrial matrix, thus reducing electron leakage from respiratory chain and mitochondrial superoxide production. Here, we demonstrate that UCP2 inhibition by genipin or UCP2 siRNA strongly increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) production(More)
In cells with an altered p53 gene, the expression of p21(WAF1/CIP1), a potent inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases, can be induced by histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors via a p53-independent pathway, which may play a critical role in arrest of cell growth. Accordingly, HDAC inhibitors such as trichostatin A (TSA) have potential utility in pancreatic(More)
The aim of the present study was to analyse the molecular mechanisms involved in the Interleukin-6 (IL-6) silencing in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines. Our results demonstrate that TNF-alpha, a major IL-6 inducer, is able to induce IL-6 only in three out of six cell lines examined. 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC), but not trichostatin A (TSA), activates(More)
TP53 mutations compromising p53 transcriptional function occur in more than 50 % of human cancers, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and render cancer cells more resistant to conventional therapy. In the last few years, many efforts have been addressed to identify p53-reactivating molecules able to restore the wild-type transcriptionally competent(More)
The aim of this work was the preparation, characterization, and preliminary evaluation of the targeting ability toward pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells of liposomes containing the gemcitabine lipophilic prodrug [4-(N)-lauroyl-gemcitabine, C12GEM]. Hyaluronic acid (HA) was selected as targeting agent since it is biodegradable, biocompatible, and can be(More)
The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) has been previously shown to block cellular growth in G2 and induce apoptosis in human pancreatic cancer cell lines. In order to better understand this phenomenon, we have analyzed the gene expression profiles in PaCa44 cells after treatment with TSA using microarrays containing 22,283 probesets. TSA(More)
Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive neoplasia, and standard chemotherapies are by and large ineffective. The purpose of this work was to get a comprehensive preclinical study on the ability of anticancer drug combinations that best inhibit growth of pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells. We evaluated the in vitro growth inhibition of ten pancreatic cancer cell(More)