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In female mammals one of the X chromosomes is rendered almost completely transcriptionally inactive to equalize expression of X-linked genes in males and females. The inactive X chromosome is distinguished from its active counterpart by its condensed appearance in interphase nuclei, late replication, altered DNA methylation, hypoacetylation of histone H4,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders, affecting about 1% of the population over the age of 60. In addition to motor abnormalities, there are several non-motor signs and symptoms that may create a considerable burden for patients and care-givers. Dementia is common and affects approximately 40% of PD patients during(More)
BACKGROUND The gene encoding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been suggested as a candidate for major depression, and for depression susceptibility in different neurological and psychiatric diseases. No study has investigated the role of BDNF genetic variation and depressive symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study(More)
Several studies have been conducted to understand the genetic correlates of Alzheimer disease (AD)-related behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD). However, given that BPSD rarely occur in isolation, it has been suggested that targeting BPSD individually is too narrow of an approach if one wants to accurately define all the associated risk(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy, tolerability, optimal dosing, and monitoring of azathioprine in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). METHODS This was a chart review and telephone follow-up study of 99 patients with NMO spectrum of disorders (NMOSD) treated with azathioprine (1994-2009). NMOSD were NMO (2006 diagnostic criteria) or partial NMO(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive cognitive decline including loss of memory, orientation and reasoning. However, a relevant aspect of AD is the presence of a variety of behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD), beyond the well-known progressive cognitive impairment. Approximately 50% to(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the cumulative effect of the genes likely involved in Alzheimer disease (AD)-related psychosis and their interaction with disease stage and environmental factors. METHODS Two hundred thirty-four patients with AD underwent clinical and neuropsychologic examination, behavioral and psychiatric(More)
There is emerging evidence that psychosis in Alzheimer Disease (AD) represents a clinically relevant phenotype with a distinct biological process. It has been reported that a functional polymorphism of the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene predisposes to an increased risk for schizophrenia and likely to psychosis susceptibility. Aim of this study was(More)
BACKGROUND APOE is the most recognized genetic risk factor for sporadic late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). The role of APOE genotype in Lewy body dementia (LBD) is still unknown as well as the relationship between APOE genotype and cholesterol levels. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to explore the association between APOE genotype and(More)
OBJECTIVE To 1) determine, using contemporary recombinant antigen-based assays, the aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-immunoglobulin G (IgG) detection rate in sequential sera of patients assigned a clinical diagnosis of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) but initially scored negative by tissue-based indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) assay; and 2) evaluate the impact of serostatus(More)