Chiara Carcieri

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OBJECTIVES The rate of accumulation of atazanavir and ritonavir within cells is still debated due to methodological limitations. Our aim was to measure peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) concentrations of atazanavir and ritonavir and investigate whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms of OATP, ABCB1, CYP3A4 and PXR genes are involved in intracellular(More)
To date, the new standard for treatment of chronic hepatitis C is based on the administration of novel direct acting antivirals. Among these, sofosbuvir, simeprevir, daclatasvir, ledipasvir, dasabuvir, ombitasvir and paritaprevir already entered the clinical use. Anyway, since few pharmacokinetic studies have been conducted on these drugs in a "real life"(More)
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is a prodrug of tenofovir used in the treatment of HIV and HBV infections: it is the most used antiretroviral worldwide. Tenofovir is nucleotidic HIV reverse trascriptase inhibitor that showed excellent long-term efficacy and tolerability. However renal and bone complications (proximal tubulopathy, hypophosphatemia, decreased(More)
Rilpivirine (RPV), dolutegravir (DTG) and elvitegravir (EVG) are the latest antiretroviral drugs approved for treatment of HIV infection. Currently, poor information is currently available concerning their pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties, thus making the use of therapeutic drug monitoring for these drugs not useful. This lack of information(More)
Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is the most frequent extrahepatic hepatitis C virus (HCV) complication. Vitamin D is a modulator of several biological processes, including immune and skeletal systems and MC presence and systemic vasculitis were associated independently with low levels of vitamin D. Considering the impact of vitamin D, we aimed to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Up till now the role of simeprevir plasma concentrations has not been described in treated patients affected by chronic hepatitis C and with dermatological side-effects. In this study, we have evaluated a possible relationship between plasma levels and the onset of skin complaints for the first time. METHODS We report a clinical and(More)
AIM Vitamin D modulates biological processes; an influence of vitamin D levels and genetic variants was identified concerning hepatitis B virus infection. We evaluated the role of some SNPs of vitamin D pathway genes in some clinical features of hepatitis B affected patients treated with pegylated interferon. METHODS We investigated SNPs in IL-28B,(More)
Voriconazole therapeutic drug monitoring is not consistently recommended due to its high interpatient and intrapatient variability. Here, we aimed to describe our experience with voriconazole for treatment and prophylaxis of invasive fungal infections in paediatric patients. A fully validated high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C who failed the triple therapy with first generation of protease inhibitors is not still defined. The combined use of sofosbuvir (SOF) and daclatasvir (DCV) seems to be promising due to higher genetic barrier, good tolerance and effectiveness. METHODS We described the treatment with this drug(More)
Itraconazole is a first-generation triazole agent with an extended spectrum of activity; it is licensed in adults for superficial and systemic fungal infections; no recommendation has been yet established for use in children patients. Its variable and unpredictable oral bioavailability make it difficult to determine the optimal dosing regimen. Hence,(More)