Chiara Agrati

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In drug-naive HIV+ patients, we analyzed the effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the reconstitution of the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire. We followed 2 groups of patients for 1 year: 18 individuals who experienced acute HIV infection and 24 patients who had HIV infection for many years but never took HAART. They were compared with(More)
Avian influenza virus (H5N1) can be transmitted to humans, resulting in a severe or fatal disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immune cross-reactivity between human and avian influenza (H5N1) strains in healthy donors vaccinated for seasonal influenza A (H1N1)/(H3N2). A small frequency of CD4 T cells specific for subtype H5N1 was detected in(More)
BACKGROUND Pandemic A/H1N1v influenza is characterized by a mild clinical course. However, a small subset of patients develops a rapidly progressive course caused by primary viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial infections that, in many cases, lead to death due to respiratory failure. The aim of the present study was to analyze the involvement of the(More)
To assess the effects of constitutive hepatitis C virus (HCV) gene expression on liver, transgenic mice carrying the entire HCV open reading frame inserted in the alpha1 antitrypsin (A1AT) gene were generated. Expression of A1AT/HCV mRNA was found to be mainly limited to perivascular areas of the liver as indicated by in situ hybridization analysis. HCV(More)
The complex antiviral immune mechanisms involve both adaptive and innate reactions mediated by gammadelta T lymphocytes, whose unique immunosurveillance contributions are analyzed here in different clinical and experimental settings. It is beyond any doubt that the fast, potent, cytotoxic as well as non-cytolytic antiviral activities of gammadelta T cells(More)
Several subsets of alphabeta regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been described and studied intensively, but the potential regulatory role of gammadelta T cells remains largely unclear. Lymphocytes expressing gammadelta TCR are involved in both innate and adaptive immune responses, and their major adult human peripheral blood subset (Vgamma9Vdelta2) displays a(More)
The expression of mRNA coding for m2 subtype of muscarinic cholinergic receptors was assessed in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of 15-day post-natal rats. Northern blot analysis on total RNA using a mixture of two different oligonucleotide probes, indicated the presence of a single prominent band of approximately 6.5 kb in rat DRG; a band of the same size was(More)
The emergence of pathogens such as SARS and the increased threat of bioterrorism has stimulated the development of novel diagnostic assays for differential diagnosis. Rather than focusing on the detection of an individual pathogen component, we have developed a T cell profiling system to monitor responses to the pathogens in an array format. Using a matrix(More)
HIV and hepatis C virus (HCV) coinfection is frequently associated with rapid progression of HCV-related disease, resulting in a higher risk of cirrhosis. Data suggest that natural T cells expressing the Vdelta1 T cell receptor rearrangement are recruited in the liver of chronically HCV-infected patients and are increased in the peripheral blood of(More)
Immunity to M.tuberculosis (MTB) infection consists of interactions between various T-cell subsets that control the infection and prevent further reactivation. We analysed the effector/memory T-cell dynamics and cytokines production in the peripheral blood of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). We observed that the frequency of CD4+ T-cell effectors(More)