Chiaki Yamamoto

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BACKGROUND In order to understand the cross-resistance between epirubicin (EPI) and mitoxantrone (MIT), EPI- and MIT-resistant cells were established and their cross-resistance was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS The degrees of growth inhibition of EPI-resistant HLE-EPI cells and MIT-resistant HLE-MIT cells by anticancer drugs were measured. The mRNA(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of folate transport in the placenta over the course of pregnancy. We found that folate receptor alpha (FRalpha) and reduced folate carrier (RFC) localized on the apical side of human placental villi. Since folate binding to placental brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) was strongly inhibited by(More)
Cold-active protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) of Shewanella sp. was expressed, purified and crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method at two different pH values (4.6 and 8.5). Both crystals are orthorhombic and belong to space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 56.4, b = 76.8, c = 81.0 A (pH 8.5) and a = 57.1, b = 77.0(More)
Using panel data from 50 countries and 35 urban areas (both covering a wide range of country incomes), this paper summarizes trends in motorization, road provision, and road transport service production (combining vehicles and roads). The growth of both motorization and road provision is related to incomes, land area, population density, urbanization,(More)
Leyland cypress (×Cupressocyparis leylandii) has been regarded as an intergeneric hybrid between Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) and Alaska cypress (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) in the Cupressaceae. Each partial sequence of the 18S-rDNA from nuclear and therbcL from chloroplast DNA genomes was determined using above three species. At the 59th site(More)
A directing-group-controlled, copper-catalyzed divergent approach to indoles and oxazoles from enamides has been developed. The picolinamide-derived enamides undergo the intramolecular aromatic C-H amination in the presence of a Cu(OPiv)2 catalyst and an MnO2 oxidant to form the corresponding indoles in good yields. On the other hand, simpler aryl- or(More)
A copper-catalyzed intramolecular amination occurs at the benzylic C-H of 2-methylbenzamides to deliver the corresponding isoindolinones of great interest in medicinal chemistry. The mild and abundant MnO2 works well as a terminal oxidant, and the reaction proceeds smoothly under potentially explosive organic peroxide-free conditions. Additionally, the(More)