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Cold-active protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) of Shewanella sp. was expressed, purified and crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method at two different pH values (4.6 and 8.5). Both crystals are orthorhombic and belong to space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 56.4, b = 76.8, c = 81.0 A (pH 8.5) and a = 57.1, b = 77.0… (More)
for helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper. This paper is a product of a research project on motorization and roads that is being carried out jointly by the Research Advisory Staff and the Transport, Water, and Urban Development Department.
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of folate transport in the placenta over the course of pregnancy. We found that folate receptor alpha (FRalpha) and reduced folate carrier (RFC) localized on the apical side of human placental villi. Since folate binding to placental brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) was strongly inhibited by… (More)
BACKGROUND In order to understand the cross-resistance between epirubicin (EPI) and mitoxantrone (MIT), EPI- and MIT-resistant cells were established and their cross-resistance was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS The degrees of growth inhibition of EPI-resistant HLE-EPI cells and MIT-resistant HLE-MIT cells by anticancer drugs were measured. The mRNA… (More)
Using panel data from 50 countries and 35 urban areas (both covering a wide range of country incomes), this paper summarizes trends in motorization, road provision, and road transport service production (combining vehicles and roads). The growth of both motorization and road provision is related to incomes, land area, population density, urbanization,… (More)
A copper-catalyzed intramolecular amination occurs at the benzylic C-H of 2-methylbenzamides to deliver the corresponding isoindolinones of great interest in medicinal chemistry. The mild and abundant MnO2 works well as a terminal oxidant, and the reaction proceeds smoothly under potentially explosive organic peroxide-free conditions. Additionally, the… (More)
The cold-active protein tyrosine phosphatase found in psychrophilic Shewanella species exhibits high catalytic efficiency at low temperatures as well as low thermostability, both of which are characteristics shared by many cold-active enzymes. The structure of cold-active protein tyrosine phosphatase is notable for the presence of three hydrophobic sites… (More)