Chiaki Tanaka

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Knowledge of amygdalar and hippocampal development as they pertain to sex differences and laterality would help to understand not only brain development but also the relationship between brain volume and brain functions. However, few studies investigated development of these two regions, especially during infancy. The purpose of this study was to examine(More)
PURPOSE To use preclinical and clinical pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) modeling to predict optimal clinical regimens of everolimus, a novel oral mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, to carry forward to expanded phase I with tumor biopsy studies in cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Inhibition of S6 kinase 1 (S6K1), a molecular(More)
This article describes studies that investigated the pharmacokinetics of nilotinib, a highly specific, oral, second-generation BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor. After a once- or twice-daily regimen at doses ranging from 50 to 1,200 mg/day in 119 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the area under the serum concentration-time curve (AUC) and peak(More)
A new spirostanol saponin (1), along with four known saponins, dioscin (2), protodioscin (3), methyl-protodioscin (4), and indioside D (5), and one known steroid glycoalkaloid solamargine (6) were isolated from the two synonymous species, Solanum incanum and S. heteracanthum. The structure of the new saponin was established as(More)
A phytochemical analysis of the whole plant of Allium schoenoprasum, has led to the isolation of four spirostane-type glycosides (1-4), and four known steroidal saponins. Their structures were elucidated mainly by 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis and mass spectrometry as (20S,25S)-spirost-5-en-3β,12β,21-triol 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside(More)
Brain development during early life in healthy individuals is rapid and dynamic, indicating that this period plays a very important role in neural and functional development. The frontal and temporal lobes are known to play a particularly important role in cognition. The study of healthy frontal and temporal lobe development in children is therefore of(More)
OBJECTIVES We performed a regional volumetric study of the brain using 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging in infants with congenital heart disease to search for variables in anatomic development of the brain that may be associated with functional impairment. METHODS Forty infants with congenital heart disease-17 infants with single ventricle(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which measures the magnitude of anisotropy of water diffusion in white matter, has recently been used to visualize and quantify parameters of neural tracts connecting brain regions. In order to investigate the developmental changes and sex and hemispheric differences of neural fibers in normal white matter, we used DTI to(More)
Nilotinib (Tasigna), an orally bioavailable second-generation BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is approved for use in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase and accelerated phase who are resistant or intolerant to prior therapy, including imatinib. Previous in vitro studies indicated that nilotinib metabolism is primarily mediated by(More)
BACKGROUND Nilotinib is a second-generation BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for the treatment of patients who have imatinib-resistant Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic or accelerated phase or who are unable to tolerate imatinib. Nilotinib is metabolized in the liver via oxidation and hydroxylation pathways,(More)