Chiaki Shigemasa

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Organic cation transporters (OCTs) are responsible for the hepatic and renal transport of metformin. In this study we analyzed variants of OCT1 and OCT2 genes in 33 patients (24 responders and nine non-responders) based on the hypothesis that polymorphisms in both genes contribute to large inter-patient variability in the clinical efficacy of metformin. The(More)
The cDNA of the Na+/I- symporter playing a key role in thyroid iodide transport was cloned very recently. To characterize its function, we transfected the Na+/I- symporter gene into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and established a cell line stably expressing a number of rat Na+/I- symporters, named CHO-4J. Iodide uptake was dependent on [Na+] and reached(More)
BACKGROUND Structural changes in the number, size, and shape of mitochondria (mt) have been observed in the atrial muscles of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and of animals with rapid atrial pacing, however, it is not known whether the mitochondrial function is impaired in human atrium with AF. MATERIALS AND METHODS We determined adenine(More)
Objective: Cysteinyl leukotrienes (Cys-LTs) are proinflammatory lipid mediators generated from arachidonic acid through 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO). It was reported that the 5-LO pathway is associated with vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration; however, the relationship between Cys-LTs and VSMC proliferation and migration remains unclear.(More)
It has been reported that the xanthine oxidase inhibitor, allopurinol, has a protective effect on ischemia - reperfusion injury, but the precise mechanism of its action is still unclear. Therefore, in the present study the mechanisms of the myocardial protection of allopurinol were evaluated in isolated perfused rat hearts. Allopurinol significantly(More)
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by the activation of neurohormones and cytokines. Strenuous exercise causes activation of both systems but the effect of acute bouts of exercise on cytokines is not known in patients with CHF. This study determined whether maximal exercise induces activation of cytokines in CHF. Plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor(More)
BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, it has been reported that levels of CRP are increased in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of long-term therapy with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) on CRP levels and to(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between plasma uridine levels and blood pressure (BP), and indicators of muscular purine degradation and insulin resistance (IR) has been evaluated in hypertensive (HT) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS In 36 HT patients and 10 normotensive subjects, seated BP was measured, and blood samples were drawn after overnight fast. In 18(More)
PA28-gamma is the activator of 20S proteasome, the ATP-dependent proteolytic system that plays an important role in cell cycle progression in various cell types. In this paper, we show the abnormally high expression of PA28-gamma in various thyroid neoplasms. Thyroid samples were obtained from patients with normal thyroid (4 cases) and with the following(More)
A 44-year-old woman had tako-tsubo-like ventricular dysfunction with chest pain and ST segment elevation on the ECG. Echocardiography revealed a bicuspid aortic valve with moderate to severe aortic regurgitation. She developed mild heart failure during the clinical course, but the medication (furosemide, enalapril, and asprin) had to be stopped because of(More)