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To quantitatively understand intracellular Na+ and Cl- homeostasis as well as roles of Na+/K+ pump and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl- channel (ICFTR) during the beta1-adrenergic stimulation in cardiac myocyte, we constructed a computer model of beta1-adrenergic signaling and implemented it into an excitation-contraction coupling(More)
A large amount of experimental data on the characteristics of the cardiac Na(+)/K(+) pump have been accumulated, but it remains difficult to predict the quantitative contribution of the pump in an intact cell because most measurements have been made under non-physiological conditions. To extrapolate the experimental findings to intact cells, we have(More)
A new kinetic model of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) was developed by fitting a variety of major experimental findings, such as ion-dependencies, forward/reverse mode, and the turnover rate. The role of NHE in ion homeostasis was examined by implementing the NHE model in a minimum cell model including intracellular pH buffer, Na(+)/K(+) pump, background(More)
We addressed the question how Ca2+ transients affect gap junction conductance (Gj) during action potential (AP) propagation by constructing a dynamic gap junction model coupled with a cardiac cell model. The kinetics of the Ca2+ gate was determined based on published experimental findings that the Hill coefficient for the [Ca2+]i-Gj relationship ranges from(More)
We aimed to study kinetics of modulation by intracellular Mg(2+) of cardiac gap junction (Mg(2+) gate). Paired myocytes of guinea-pig ventricle were superfused with solutions containing various concentrations of Mg(2+). In order to rapidly apply Mg(2+) to one aspect of the gap junction, the non-junctional membrane of one of the pair was perforated at nearly(More)
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