Chiaki Kawanishi

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Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is an X-linked dysmyelinating disorder caused by abnormalities in the proteolipid protein (PLP) gene, which is essential for oligodendrocyte differentiation and CNS myelin formation. Although linkage analysis has shown the homogeneity at the PLP locus in patients with PMD, exonic mutations in the PLP gene have been(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of suicide has increased markedly in Japan since 1998. As psychological autopsy is not generally accepted in Japan, surveys of suicide attempts, an established risk factor of suicide, are highly regarded. We have carried out this study to gain insight into the psychiatric aspects of those attempting suicide in Japan. METHODS Three(More)
Recent studies have revealed that genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome P 450 2D6 (CYP2D6) are among the factors that determine the interindividual differences in the metabolism and response to antidepressants. We investigated the relationship between persistent mood disorders and the duplication of the CYP2D6 gene, which encodes an enzyme with increased(More)
Sequences of the alpha-subunits of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor from the snake and mongoose contain several differences in the region between amino acids 183 and 200. Receptors from both of these species reveal resistance to the snake alpha-toxins presumably arising as a protective evolutionary mechanism. Sequence differences include the added(More)
Seven cases with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) located in the basin of the Fuji river (Fuji area) in Japan were examined genetically and clinicopathologically. The onset of the disease was between 1989 and 1995. All cases were from different families, although 3 cases were family members of previously reported CJD patients. They had clinical and/or(More)
We experienced a 15-year-old female, whose healthy parents were second cousins, who was suspected of having dysmyelinating disease involving only the central nervous system (CNS). She was noticed to have congenital pendula nystagmus, and spastic gait disturbance developed at the age of 10 years. Mild athetosis of the upper limbs and ataxia were recognized(More)
A number of the lysosomal storage diseases that have now been characterized are associated with intra-lysosomal accumulation of lipids, caused by defective lysosomal enzymes. We have previously reported neuronal accumulation of both alpha- and beta-synucleins in brain tissue of a GM2 gangliosidosis mouse model. Although alpha-synuclein has been implicated(More)
Decreased activity of debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase (CYP2D6), which participates in hepatic metabolism of several frequently used neuroleptics and antidepressants, is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait through polymorphic CYP2D6 gene alleles. In eastern Orientals, a C --> T substitution at nucleotide 188 (Pro34Ser) is primarily responsible for decreased(More)
The serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) transporter (5-HTT) is considered to affect the pathogenesis of mood disorders. Large number of genetic association studies between 5-HTT functional polymorphisms and vulnerability of mood disorders and therapeutic response to antidepressants has been carried out. We investigated the influence of 5-HTT-linked polymorphic(More)
We report a third mutation of the proteolipid protein gene in male Japanese patients with X-linked spastic paraplegia. Although the proteolipid protein gene encodes two myelin proteins, proteolipid protein and DM 20, our W144X mutation resides in the latter part of exon 3 (exon 3B), which is spliced out in DM 20. This mutation may reserve the function of DM(More)