Chiaki Iwamura

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Airway hypersensitive reaction (AHR) is an animal model for asthma, which is caused or enhanced by environmental factors such as allergen exposure. However, the precise mechanisms that drive AHR remain unclear. We identified a novel subset of natural killer T (NKT) cells that expresses the interleukin 17 receptor B (IL-17RB) for IL-25 (also known as IL-17E)(More)
After antigen encounter by CD4(+) T cells, polarizing cytokines induce the expression of master regulators that control differentiation. Inactivation of the histone methyltransferase Ezh2 was found to specifically enhance T helper 1 (Th1) and Th2 cell differentiation and plasticity. Ezh2 directly bound and facilitated correct expression of Tbx21 and Gata3(More)
Sox4 is a transcription factor that regulates various developmental processes. Here we show that Sox4 was induced by TGF-β and negatively regulated the transcription factor GATA-3, the master regulator of function of T helper type 2 (TH2) cells, by two distinct mechanisms. First, Sox4 bound directly to GATA-3, preventing its binding to GATA-3 consensus DNA(More)
Memory T-helper (Th) lymphocytes are crucial for the maintenance of acquired immunity to eliminate infectious pathogens. We have previously demonstrated that most memory Th lymphocytes reside and rest on stromal niches of the bone marrow (BM). Little is known, however, regarding the molecular basis for the generation and maintenance of BM memory Th(More)
T helper 2 (Th2) cells play crucial roles in the development of allergic asthma, while various distinct cell populations also contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells produce large amounts of cytokines such as IL-4 and IFNγ upon stimulation with a ligand, α-galactosylceramide, and regulate various immune(More)
Allergic airway inflammation develops in the context of innate immune cells that express Toll-like receptors (TLRs). TLRs recognize microbial components and evoke diverse responses in immune and other respiratory cells through distinct signaling pathways. Bacterial and viral infection in the airway modulates the extent of allergic inflammation. TLR(More)
BACKGROUND Some polyphenols possess anti-allergic activities. Naringenin chalcone is one of the polyphenols that is present in the skin of red tomatoes. In this study, we investigated the effect of naringenin chalcone in allergic responses in vivo using an experimental mouse model system of allergic asthma. METHODS Allergic airway inflammation was induced(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of human asthma and of animal models of allergic inflammation/asthma highlight a crucial role for T(H)2 cells in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. Repressor of GATA (ROG) is a POZ (BTB) domain-containing Kruppel-type zinc finger family (or POK family) repressor. A repressive function to GATA3, a master transcription factor for T(H)2(More)
BACKGROUND Cluster of differentiation 69 (CD69), an early activation marker antigen on T and B cells, is also expressed on activated macrophages and neutrophils, suggesting that CD69 may play a role in inflammatory diseases. To determine the effect of CD69 deficiency on bleomycin(BLM)-induced lung injury, we evaluated the inflammatory response following(More)
Cluster of differentiation 69 (CD69) has been identified as a lymphocyte early activation marker, and recent studies have indicated that CD69 mediates intracellular signals and plays an important role in various inflammatory diseases. Cigarette smoke (CS) is a strong proinflammatory stimulus that induces the release of proinflammatory mediators by(More)