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The objective of the current study was to identify a new extraarticular anatomic landmark indicating the anteroposterior orientation of the tibia using computed tomography. In 39 volunteers (20 males, 19 females), computed tomography scans for healthy right knees in extension were done perpendicular to the tibial shaft axis. The anteroposterior axis of the… (More)
The authors retrospectively evaluated the relationship of several preoperative factors in 69 patients who had myelopathy due to multilevel cervical spondylosis without ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament treated with Kirita's bilateral wide laminectomy. In 34 patients with focal instability or malalignments, posterolateral fusion was also… (More)
A total number of 442 dorsal root ganglia (DRG) in the lumbosacral region of 104 patients were depicted from the axial views of MRI and their localities were classified as intraspinal, intraforaminal, or extraforaminal types. The DRG of the more distal nerve root were located more medially. Asymmetrical locations were observed in 25 pairs of DRG among 221,… (More)
Anatomic reference axes that determine rotational alignment of the tibial component have not been established. To assess variability of three anatomic reference axes (a new tibial anteroposterior axis that we proposed, the transmalleolar axis of the ankle, and the second metatarsus bone axis of the foot), we measured the angles between a defined… (More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to clarify the causes of the increase in the posterior tibial slope during open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and to investigate whether its changes influenced the correction angle in frontal plane. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 20 patients (26 knees) treated with open-wedge HTO. They were divided into the… (More)
BACKGROUND Autologous chondrocyte implantation is an established technique for the repair of degenerated articular cartilage. Recently, the detection of side population (SP) cells, which have the ability to strongly efflux Hoechst 33342 (Ho) fluorescence dye, has attracted attention as a method of stem cell isolation. Although SP cells from synovial tissue… (More)
Excessive mechanical stress on the cartilage causes the degradation of the matrix, leading to the osteoarthritis (OA). Matrix metalloproteinases 13 (MMP13) is a major catalytic enzyme in OA and p38 plays an important role in its induction. However, precise pathway inducing p38 activation has not been elucidated. We hypothesized here that the small GTPase… (More)
Three cases of asymmetric physeal closure with angular deformities of the ankle, knee, and wrist, respectively, were corrected by rotatory physeal distraction. Osteotomy of the bony bridges was unnecessary.
Two cases with progressive scoliosis and lateral gaze palsy were reported. The preoculomotor centers, which are connected by the fasciculus longitudinalis medialis in the brain stem, are deemed to be the common focus for progressive scoliosis and associated visual dysfunction.