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The objective of the current study was to identify a new extraarticular anatomic landmark indicating the anteroposterior orientation of the tibia using computed tomography. In 39 volunteers (20 males, 19 females), computed tomography scans for healthy right knees in extension were done perpendicular to the tibial shaft axis. The anteroposterior axis of the(More)
Anatomic reference axes that determine rotational alignment of the tibial component have not been established. To assess variability of three anatomic reference axes (a new tibial anteroposterior axis that we proposed, the transmalleolar axis of the ankle, and the second metatarsus bone axis of the foot), we measured the angles between a defined(More)
The cross-sectional area of the lumbar dural tube was calculated from transverse-slice lumbosacral magnetic resonance images (MRI) using the simple geometric formulas and computerized digitizer in 51 patients with low-back pain only, 79 with mainly radicular symptoms, and 53 with intermittent claudication, and in 39 controls with confirmed symptomatic(More)
One hundred and eight neonates and infants who showed the clinical triad of a head turned to one side, adduction contracture of the hip joint on the occipital side of the turned head, and truncal curvature, which we named TAC syndrome, were studied. These cases included seven with congenital and five with late infantile dislocations of the hip joint and 14(More)
Sixty-nine cases of congenital vertical talus (CVT) were classified into five groups in association with (1) neural tube defects or spinal anomalies, (2) neuromuscular disorders, (3) malformation syndromes, (4) chromosomal aberrations, and (5) idiopathic CVT unassociated with any of the systemic conditions described above. Forty-four cases of idiopathic CVT(More)
Alumina-on-alumina bearings for total hip arthroplasty have been introduced as a promising alternative to reduce wear debris and to increase the life expectancy of the prosthesis. We report a case of a late dissociation of an alumina-on-alumina bearing modular acetabular component, which occurred 2 years, 8 months after surgery. Detailed analysis of the(More)
OBJECTIVES Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint deterioration initiated by multiple factors. To better understand related factors in the development of this disease, we focused on the mechanical stress loaded on articular cartilage. MATERIALS AND METHODS The anterior cruciate ligaments of rabbit knee joints were transected, and expression of protein(More)
  • C Hamanishi
  • 1980
Seventy patients with 91 congenital short femora are classified. Deformities resulting maternal Thalidomide treatment are compared with those where Thalidomide was not involved and genetic and epidemiological factors investigated in 50 patients. No essential anatomical difference was found between the two groups of femora but the whole complex of(More)
A beta-tricalcium phosphate-monocalcium phosphate monohydrate (beta-TCP-MCPM) cement was evaluated as an effective carrier of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in rat femoral critical-size defects. Hard cement cylinders (4 x 5 mm) impregnated with two different doses of rhBMP-2 (1.26 or 6.28 microg) were implanted into each defect,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) on the intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in bovine articular chondrocytes (BACs) and to investigate whether this increase occurs through binding to the receptor lectin-like ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1). Furthermore, to ascertain whether the binding of ox-LDL to(More)