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Previously, human hepatitis B virus (HBV) mutant 164, which has a truncation at the C terminus of the HBV core antigen (HBcAg), was speculated to secrete immature genomes. For this study, we further characterized mutant 164 by different approaches. In addition to the 3.5-kb pregenomic RNA (pgRNA), the mutant preferentially encapsidated the 2.2-kb or shorter(More)
Vps4 is a host factor known to be involved in cellular vacuolar protein sorting. We report here that HBV replication and secretion can be significantly inhibited by Vps4 dominant negative, ATPase-defective, mutants K173Q and E228Q. In contrast, wild-type Vps4 at low dose can inhibit HBV replication more effectively in human hepatoblastoma cell line HepG2,(More)
The Endosomal Sorting Complex Required for Transport (ESCRT) is an important cellular machinery for the sorting and trafficking of ubiquitinated cargos. It is also known that ESCRT is required for the egress of a number of viruses. To investigate the relationship between ESCRT and hepatitis B virus (HBV), we conducted an siRNA screening of ESCRT components(More)
We identified two novel naturally occurring mutations (W74L and L77R) in the small S envelope protein of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Mutation L77R alone resulted in >10-fold-reduced secretion of virions. In addition, the 2.8-fold reduction of the extracellular HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) of mutant L77R from transfected Huh7 cells appeared to be correlated with(More)
Instead of displaying the wild-type selective export of virions containing mature genomes, human hepatitis B virus (HBV) mutant I97L, changing from an isoleucine to a leucine at amino acid 97 of HBV core antigen (HBcAg), lost the high stringency of selectivity in genome maturity during virion export. To understand the structural basis of this so-called(More)
A human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (FOCUS—Friendship of China and United States) was derived from a patient with primary hepatocellular carcinoma. This cell line has been in continuous culture over an 18-mo period. The morphological and ultrastructural features of FOCUS are consistent with its neoplastic hepatocellular orgin. FOCUS cells contain(More)
In hepatitis B virus (HBV)-replicating hepatocytes, miR-130a expression was significantly reduced. In a reciprocal manner, miR-130a reduced HBV replication by targeting at two major metabolic regulators PGC1α and PPARγ, both of which can potently stimulate HBV replication. We proposed a positive feed-forward loop between HBV, miR-130a, PPARγ, and PGC1α.(More)
Previously, a charge balance hypothesis was proposed to explain hepatitis B virus (HBV) capsid stability, assembly, RNA encapsidation, and DNA replication. This hypothesis emphasized the importance of a balanced electrostatic interaction between the positive charge from the arginine-rich domain (ARD) of the core protein (HBc) and the negative charge from(More)
Unlike a Tokyo isolate of hepatitis B virus variants, we found a Shanghai isolate that secretes few virions with an immature genome despite its core I97L mutation. Core mutations P5T and I97L were found to be mutually compensatory in offsetting their respective distinct effects on virion secretion.
Naturally occurring deletions within the human hepatitis B virus (HBV) preS2 region have frequently been identified in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while chronic carriers without cirrhosis and HCC contain no detectable preS2 deletion variants. We have characterized two different preS2 internal deletion variants from two patients. In(More)