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Vps4 is a host factor known to be involved in cellular vacuolar protein sorting. We report here that HBV replication and secretion can be significantly inhibited by Vps4 dominant negative, ATPase-defective, mutants K173Q and E228Q. In contrast, wild-type Vps4 at low dose can inhibit HBV replication more effectively in human hepatoblastoma cell line HepG2,(More)
We identified two novel naturally occurring mutations (W74L and L77R) in the small S envelope protein of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Mutation L77R alone resulted in >10-fold-reduced secretion of virions. In addition, the 2.8-fold reduction of the extracellular HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) of mutant L77R from transfected Huh7 cells appeared to be correlated with(More)
In hepatitis B virus (HBV)-replicating hepatocytes, miR-130a expression was significantly reduced. In a reciprocal manner, miR-130a reduced HBV replication by targeting at two major metabolic regulators PGC1α and PPARγ, both of which can potently stimulate HBV replication. We proposed a positive feed-forward loop between HBV, miR-130a, PPARγ, and PGC1α.(More)
The Endosomal Sorting Complex Required for Transport (ESCRT) is an important cellular machinery for the sorting and trafficking of ubiquitinated cargos. It is also known that ESCRT is required for the egress of a number of viruses. To investigate the relationship between ESCRT and hepatitis B virus (HBV), we conducted an siRNA screening of ESCRT components(More)
Naturally occurring deletions within the human hepatitis B virus (HBV) preS2 region have frequently been identified in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while chronic carriers without cirrhosis and HCC contain no detectable preS2 deletion variants. We have characterized two different preS2 internal deletion variants from two patients. In(More)
It remains unclear what determines the subcellular localization of hepatitis B virus (HBV) core protein (HBc) and particles. To address this fundamental issue, we have identified four distinct HBc localization signals in the arginine rich domain (ARD) of HBc, using immunofluorescence confocal microscopy and fractionation/Western blot analysis. ARD consists(More)
In the human hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome, the 5' end of the polymerase coding sequence overlaps with the 3' end of the core protein coding sequence. Recent results obtained from genetic studies have suggested that translation of HBV polymerase initiates from the first ATG codon of the polymerase reading frame and is not a result of frameshift translation(More)
Human hepatitis B virus (HBV) variants containing in-frame core internal deletion (CID) have been demonstrated to contain all the functional features of defective interfering (DI) particles (Yuan, T. T.-T., M.-H. Lin, D. S. Chen, and C. Shih, 1998, J. Virol. 72, 578-584). Here, we report that out-of-frame HBV CID variants exhibit defective interfering(More)
Recently, a rat pancreatic cell line (AR42J-B13) was shown to transdifferentiate to hepatocyte-like cells upon induction with dexamethasone (Dex). The aim of this study is to determine whether transdifferentiated hepatocytes can indeed function like bona fide liver cells and support replication of hepatotropic hepatitis B virus (HBV). We stably transfected(More)
To test a previously coined "charge balance hypothesis" of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) capsid stability, we established an in vitro disassembly and reassembly system using bacterially expressed HBV capsids. Capsid disassembly can be induced by micrococcal nuclease digestion of encapsidated RNA. HBV core protein (HBc) mutants containing various amounts of(More)