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Obesity serves as an important risk factor for incidences of both cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Leptin, the obesity biomarker molecule secreted systemically by body fat mass and locally by activated hepatic stellate cells, is proposed to play a certain role in HCC(More)
Obesity has been recognized as a risk factor for breast cancer. Adipocyte-derived leptin may play as a paracrine regulator on the growth of breast cancer cells. Expression of both leptin and its OB-Rb receptor was detected in human breast cancer ZR-75-1 cells and further induced by leptin, suggesting that both expression and message mediation of leptin were(More)
Obesity is known to be an important risk factor for many types of cancer, such as breast, prostate, liver and endometrial cancer. Recently, epidemiological studies have indicated that obesity correlates with an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer, the most lethal gynecological cancer in developed countries. Leptin is predominantly produced by(More)
Insulinomas are the most common type of neuroendocrine (NE) pancreatic islet tumors. Patients with insulinomas may develop complications associated with hyperinsulinemia. To increase the treatment options for insulinoma patients, we have tested a conditionally replicating adenovirus that has been engineered in such a way that it can specifically express(More)
In this study, an insulinoma-associated antigen-1 (INSM1)-binding site in the proximal promoter sequence of the insulin gene was identified. The co-transfection of INSM1 with rat insulin I/II promoter-driven reporter genes exhibited a 40-50% inhibitory effect on the reporter activity. Mutational experiments were performed by introducing a substitution, GG(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the US. Recombinant vectors based on adeno-associated virus (AAV) and lentivirus are promising delivery tools for gene therapy due to low toxicity and long term expression. The efficiency of the gene delivery system is one of the most important factors directly related to the success of gene(More)
BACKGROUND Insulinoma-associated protein 1 (INSM1) is a zinc finger transcriptional repressor with a limited spatial and temporal embryonic expression pattern in neuronal and neuroendocrine tissues. Interestingly, INSM1 activity is reactivated in neuroendocrine tumors such as small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, and retinoblastoma.(More)
The INSM1 gene encodes a developmentally regulated zinc finger transcription factor. INSM1 expression is normally absent in adult tissues, but is reactivated in neuroendocrine tumor cells. In the present study, we analyzed the therapeutic potential of an adenoviral INSM1 promoter-driven herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) construct in primitive(More)
INSM1 is an islet transcription factor essential for pancreas development. INSM1 functions as a transcriptional repressor of NeuroD/β2 and insulin gene in the pancreas. INSM1 also possesses extra-nuclear activities through binding to multiple cellular regulators such as cyclin D1 and RACK1. In this study, we report that the interaction of INSM1 and RACK1 is(More)
Accurate detection of neuroendocrine (NE) tumors is critically important for better prognosis and treatment outcomes in patients. To demonstrate the efficacy of using an adenoviral vector for the detection of NE tumors, we have constructed a pair of adenoviral vectors which, in combination, can conditionally replicate and release Gaussia luciferase into the(More)